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mr_hades
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 11, 2006 5:08 pm    Post subject: Grub Error Collection [Part 1001] Reply with quote

Hi
need some help with the installation

I've got at first boot:

"Booting 'Gentoo Linux 2.6.14-gentoo-r5'

root (hd0,0)
Filesystem Type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83
kernel /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86_64-2.6.14-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev
[Linux-bzImage, setup=0x1e00, size=0x23ca50]
initrd /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86_64-2.6.14-gentoo-r5
[Linux-initrd @ 0xbfdc9000, 0x186559 bytes]

Error 28: Selected item cannot fit into memory
Press any key....."

I use GNU GRUB version 0.96 (631k lower / 3144064K upper memory)
and my grub.conf is :

default 0
timeout 30
splashimage=(hd0,0)/boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz
title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.14-r5
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86_64-2.6.14-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev
initrd /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86_64-2.6.14-gentoo-r5

I have 4 partitions:

/dev/hda1 /boot 100M ext2
/dev/hda2 swap 3GB
/dev/hda3 / 20GB ext3
/dev/hda4 /home 50GB ext3

and the hardware: 1xAMD Opteron and 3GB ram

any ideas ??

thx

Mod Edit: Merged with Grub Error Collection [Part 1001] [POST GRUB QUESTIONS HERE] stuck by NeddySeagoon.
--timeBandit
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sirdilznik
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PostPosted: Wed Jan 11, 2006 6:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I believe I read somewhere on these forums that specific versions of grub had problems with large amounts of memory. The solution was to unmask and install a newer version of grub. You could try grub-0.97 or higher.
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mr_hades
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 12, 2006 8:56 am    Post subject: Grub Error 28: solved Reply with quote

Problem Solved:

see:
https://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-359872-highlight-selected+item+fit.html

(1)
ACCEPT_KEYWORDS="~x86 ~amd64" emerge -f =grub-0.97-r2

(2)
cd /usr/portage/sys-boot/grub
ebuild grub-0.97-r2.ebuild digest

(3)
echo "=sys-boot/grub-0.97-r2 ~x86 ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords

(4)
emerge grub
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cosy
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 08, 2006 3:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

hi i get same problem i instaled gentoo from live DVD i get 3gb of ram
u say problem solved but how i put all that ?
i am a linux n00b have no idea
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 2:54 pm    Post subject: Grub Error Collection [Part 1001] [POST GRUB QUESTIONS HERE] Reply with quote

Good afternoon everyone !
I'm new user to Gentoo. I just compiled my new system, alongside my ubuntu :p
the matter is I already have grub installed on ubuntu's root, and thus, during Gentoo's install,
I skipped all the "installation of grub" section, Am I clear anough ?
So I've got a kernel image in /boot on Gentoo's partition, but my grub doesn't want to start it :(

I must confess I made a search, but didn't read the 700 posts of this topic...
I'm sure someone will help me even if I'm a bad user ?
Thanks a lot !
Arnaudv6

(my grub menu.list : )
Code:

title      Arnaud Gentoo Linux
root      (hd0,5)
kernel      /boot/kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/sda6 ro
#System.map-genkernel-x86-2.6.24-gentoo-r5

title      Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-rt
root      (hd0,0)
kernel      /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-rt root=UUID=d3302d69-12a8-4a6e-9b06-fde232da63b4 ro quiet splash locale=fr_FR
initrd      /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-rt
quiet
....................................


Since I got (only) one hdd, and Gentoo is on /dev/sda6...
thanks a lot !


Mod Edit
Moved open grub questions here Grub Error Collection [Part 1001] [POST GRUB QUESGrTIONS HERE!],
unstuck Grub Error Collection [Part 8] [POST GRUB QUESGrTIONS HERE!]
stuck Grub Error Collection [Part 1001]
NeddySeagoon
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NeddySeagoon
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

Welcome to Gentoo.

Some error messages, if you get any, when you try to start Gentoo would be useful.
You have ubuntu installed and added Gentoo beside it.
If you did not make a separate Gentoo boot partition then root (hd0,5) in your grub.conf is correct
If Gentoo has a separate boot partition then that root (hd0, ...) needs to point to it.

We need to know your hard drive partition layout, from
Code:
fdisk -l
and what each partition is used for.
Error messages are also very useful
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those that do backups
those that have never had a hard drive fail.
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Dumno if it can help :
Quote:
Error 2: Bad file or directory type

and it works no more if I erase the "ro" option endiig my kernel line...
thanks for helping !
We posted the same time, NeddySeagoon : I'm on : wait for me please !
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

The output of
Code:
ls -l /boot
for your Gentoo /boot may help too
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:39 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

/boot has no dedicated partition... thanks !


Code:

Disk /dev/sda: 40.0 GB, 40007761920 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 4864 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0006d36f

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1         852     6843658+  83  Linux
/dev/sda2             853        1436     4690980    5  Extended
/dev/sda3            1437        4354    23438835   83  Linux
/dev/sda5             853         916      514048+  82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda6             917        1436     4176868+  83  Linux


Thanks a lot NeddySeagoon for helping me ! 8)
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
ls -l /boot
 total 55980
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  422667 2008-05-29 04:39 abi-2.6.24-18-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  422667 2008-07-12 07:30 abi-2.6.24-19-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   80071 2008-05-29 04:39 config-2.6.24-18-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   80049 2008-07-12 07:30 config-2.6.24-19-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   85837 2008-07-12 07:44 config-2.6.24-19-rt
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    4096 2008-07-16 13:42 grub
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7911046 2008-06-04 11:18 initrd.img-2.6.24-18-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7910997 2008-06-04 11:17 initrd.img-2.6.24-18-generic.bak
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7912820 2008-07-16 13:41 initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7913498 2008-07-10 19:40 initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic.bak
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7888635 2008-07-16 13:42 initrd.img-2.6.24-19-rt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7887569 2008-06-20 14:13 initrd.img-2.6.24-19-rt.bak
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  103204 2007-09-28 12:06 memtest86+.bin
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  905012 2008-05-29 04:39 System.map-2.6.24-18-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  905170 2008-07-12 07:30 System.map-2.6.24-19-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  928302 2008-07-12 07:44 System.map-2.6.24-19-rt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1921528 2008-05-29 04:39 vmlinuz-2.6.24-18-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1921432 2008-07-12 07:30 vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1959832 2008-07-12 07:44 vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-rt



Code:

arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ sudo mkdir /media/gentoo
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ sudo mount /dev/sda6 /media/gentoo/
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ ls -l /media/gentoo/boot/
total 2492
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root       1 2008-07-18 00:19 boot -> .
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2544092 2008-07-18 16:09 kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5


Thanks NeddySeagoon !
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 3:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

NeddySeagoon, I must leave for about 7 hours...
won't read anymore until.
Thanks for what you already done and the way you still search
Arnaudv6
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NeddySeagoon
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 20, 2008 4:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

The /boot you shows was not for gentoo as its kernel is not there but this
Code:
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ sudo mount /dev/sda6 /media/gentoo/
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ ls -l /media/gentoo/boot/
is interesting, and the listing that follows.

That shows your kernel name is kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5 and its in (hd0,5)/boot, which matches your grub.conf.

Grub works by reading the boot filesystem. As there is not much space for grub, you have to choose the boot filesystem type at grub install time and it can only read one filesystem type.
That means that (hd0,0) and (hd0,5) must both be the same file system type or grub cannot read (hd0,5). For grub, ext2=ext3.
The way around this is to put your Gentoo kernel into your ubuntu /boot so everything it needs to read is in (hd0,0)
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NeddySeagoon

Computer users fall into two groups:-
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 7:53 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks NeddySeagoon ! .... then :

Quote:
The /boot you shows was not for gentoo as its kernel is not there

what what what ? :? my kernel image of gentoo shouldn't be just in /boot on this partition ?
(I typed this command line from my ubuntu... sure you understood !?!

Quote:
Grub works by reading the boot filesystem. As there is not much space for grub, you have to choose the boot filesystem type at grub install time and it can only read one filesystem type.
That means that (hd0,0) and (hd0,5) must both be the same file system type or grub cannot read (hd0,5). For grub, ext2=ext3.

But they are same system files ! 83 Id type, no ?
I've got no grub file or directory on that partition : does it matter ?

Quote:
The way around this is to put your Gentoo kernel into your ubuntu /boot so everything it needs to read is in (hd0,0)

You mean I can put the kernel image on ubuntu partition, giving it gentoo's one as root partition ? :roll:

Thanks a lot for your answers !
Arnaudv6
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desultory
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 8:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6 wrote:
You mean I can put the kernel image on ubuntu partition, giving it gentoo's one as root partition ? :roll:
Indeed.
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 8:37 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks desultory !
I try it now !
Code:
title      Arnaud Gentoo Linux
root      (hd0,0)
kernel      /boot/kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/sda6
#System.map-genkernel-x86-2.6.24-gentoo-r5

Then is there no mean to boot a kernel image from my Gentoo ext3 part directly ?
That seems no such complicated, and would be great... thanks a lot !
Arnaudv6
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NeddySeagoon
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 5:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

Post your
Code:
fdisk -l
and tell us what fie system type is on each partition.
The partition type byte, in fdisk, means almost nothing.

If your ubuntu uses ext2 or ext3 then grub will be able to read Gentoos ext2 and ext3 filesystems too,
However, if your ubuntu install uses rieserfs or anything other than ext2 or ext3, you have a problem.

When you know you want to install several distros, in advance of the first install, its normal to make a separate /boot partition to contain *all* the kernels, this gets around the single file system type for Grub.
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NeddySeagoon

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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 5:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello NeddySeagoon !

Code:
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 40.0 GB, 40007761920 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 4864 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0006d36f

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1         852     6843658+  83  Linux
/dev/sda2             853        1436     4690980    5  Extended
/dev/sda3            1437        4354    23438835   83  Linux
/dev/sda5             853         916      514048+  82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda6             917        1436     4176868+  83  Linux


Why whole system is in ext3 (excepted swap)
and I adapted grub for now :
Code:
title      Arnaud Gentoo Linux
kernel      (hd0,0)/boot/kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/sda6
#System.map-genkernel-x86-2.6.24-gentoo-r5

I don't like so much having gentoo's kernel on ubuntu's partition, but it works...
Thanks for your tip about a dedicated partition for /boot : I'll do this soon :o

Grub works, but my kernel panics at trying to mount root fs.
it claims "unknown block(2,0)
I know the interresting thing are precedent steps, but I can't use scrolling...
and there is nothing revealant left on screen after crashing...

Arnaudv6
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NeddySeagoon
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 6:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

Code:
unknown block(2,0)
is the interesting bit in this case.
Code:
less /usr/src/linux/Documentation/devices.txt
tells that its your floppy drive.

This means the kernel cannot communicate with your hard drive controller, nomally because some options are missing or are set to <M> when they need to be <*>.

We need your
Code:
lspci
output to help you fix that.
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NeddySeagoon

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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 6:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
arnaud@arnaud-laptop:~$ lspci
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 82855PM Processor to I/O Controller (rev 21)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82855PM Processor to AGP Controller (rev 21)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 03)
00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 03)
00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 03)
00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-M) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 03)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev 83)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82801DBM (ICH4-M) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 03)
00:1f.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801DBM (ICH4-M) IDE Controller (rev 03)
00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) SMBus Controller (rev 03)
00:1f.5 Multimedia audio controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) AC'97 Audio Controller (rev 03)
00:1f.6 Modem: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) AC'97 Modem Controller (rev 03)
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc M9+ 5C61 [Radeon Mobility 9200 (AGP)] (rev 01)
02:00.0 FireWire (IEEE 1394): Texas Instruments TSB43AB21 IEEE-1394a-2000 Controller (PHY/Link)
02:01.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL-8139/8139C/8139C+ (rev 10)
02:02.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation PRO/Wireless LAN 2100 3B Mini PCI Adapter (rev 04)
02:04.0 CardBus bridge: ENE Technology Inc CB1410 Cardbus Controller (rev 01)

whaou ! new dimension !
I compiled without support for floppy cause I got no one on my laptop,
but I not sure to have enabled isa in kernel configuration...
Arnaudv6
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NeddySeagoon
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 6:19 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

Rebuild your kernel with these settings
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 6:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'm ashamed...
thanks a lot ! :D
I'll send back... 8)
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 9:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

NeddySeagoon,
I tried your configuration, but that does result exactly the same,
hope this image will help :
http://arnaudv6.free.fr/upload/dsc00003.jpg

Arnaudv6
I seem to have an ACPI related problem before while booting,
but that's the screen it crashes on
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 21, 2008 9:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

note : NeddySeagoon, I've seen your profile on wikipedia,
first thanks : world needs guy contributing like you... 8)
And if you wanna speak french, je suis francais :D
Arnaudv6
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Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 22, 2008 12:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Still haven't found the solution, maybe is it related to initrd ?
http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=47357
Arnaudv6
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 22, 2008 6:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Arnaudv6,

You don't have any IDE drives any more with the kernel settings I gave you, thats devices like hda.
You should have the IDE kernel branch disabled
Code:
< > ATA/ATAPI/MFM/RLL support  --->


All your drives will be sdX for hard drives or sr for CDROMs.

Either you did not build the kernel the way I suggested or you didn't install it into boot properly, so you are still using an old kernel.

Notice your kernel line in grub.conf says
Code:
kernel      (hd0,0)/boot/kernel2.6.25-gentoo-r5 root=/dev/sda6

Notice the sda6. That means that you are telling the kernel you are using the SCSI layer for your hard drive.
Now look at your error image again ... it says hda.
Maybe changing /dev/sda6 to /dev/hda6 in your grub.conf will allow you to boot.

Its not an initrd problem as your grub.conf line does not invoke an initrd. Even if you have one and load it in grub.conf, its not being used.

I didn't know I had a wikipedia profile ... I'll need to read it
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