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PiperTex
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Joined: 24 Apr 2004
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Location: Richmond, TX

PostPosted: Sun Apr 25, 2004 12:35 am    Post subject: Problems adding users (YES, I read the FAQ) Reply with quote

I recently installed Gentoo on my system, and am having problems adding a regular user. Following the instructions in the FAQ (and as found elsewhere while searching for an answer to this problem) I created the user with:

useradd <username> -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash
chown <username> -R /home/<username>

However, when I try to log onto the new account, I get a message:
-bash: /home/<username>/.bash_profile: Permission denied
... and when I logout of the account, I get:
-bash: /home/<username>/.bash_logout: Permission denied
I executed ls -la on the home directory, and I have a .bash_profile, but there is no .bash_logout, ether. This reflects what is in /etc/skel.

I'm confused and befuddled. I have used other distributions (RedHat, SuSE, and Debian) for several years, but have never run into a problem like this.

Any ideas?
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scruff
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Joined: 28 Nov 2003
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Location: Boston, MA

PostPosted: Sun Apr 25, 2004 1:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Try running 'cat /etc/passwd' to make sure your user has been added properly. Then, I always do the chown command like 'chown -R scruff /home/scruff' and it works fine. I am not sure if it makes a difference, but you are putting the username before the recursive option where I am not.

Why are you trying to do chown anyway? Is this a /home directory created from another distro/install? If that is the case (and your username is the same), you could just create your new user with the same UID as the last distro and you shouldn't have to do the chown.

emerge superadduser if you would like an easier tool for creating accounts. It is exactly like Slackware's useradd and much simpler IMO.
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Last edited by scruff on Sun Apr 25, 2004 1:33 am; edited 1 time in total
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pjp
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 25, 2004 1:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

What are the permissions on the home directory of the user?
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PiperTex
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Joined: 24 Apr 2004
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PostPosted: Mon Apr 26, 2004 11:46 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

First of all, thanks for the replies.

In /etc/passwd, the user looks like:
hcblassin:x:1003:100::/home/hcblassin:/bin/bash

I emerge'd superadduser and tried add a new user with that, but still had the same results.

The permissions on the home directory look like:
drwx--x--x 2 hcblassin users 136 Apr 24 17:39 hcblassin

and the contents look like:
drwx--x--x 2 hcblassin users 136 Apr 24 17:39 .
drwxrw-r-- 3 root root 104 Apr 24 18:06 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 hcblassin users 232 Apr 25 08:51 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r-- 1 hcblassin users 812 Apr 25 08:51 .bashrc
-rw-r--r-- 1 hcblassin users 1466 Apr 25 08:51 .tcsh.config
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Rainmaker
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 12:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

if you login as the newly created user, what does the command "groups" give you?
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serzz
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 12:46 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

have you changed new user's password with #passwd user ?
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PiperTex
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 12:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
have you changed new user's password with #passwd user ?

yes. I did that after executing superadduser.

Quote:
if you login as the newly created user, what does the command "groups" give you?

users wheel audio

The other really bizarre thing is that when I log on to the new user (from a console, mind, i can't get anywhere using gdm with this user) the first messages I get are:
no directory /home/<username>!
logging in with home="/"
-bash: /home/<username>/.bash_profile: Permission denied

HOWEVER, when I log in as root, I can see that directory! in fact, my last reply lists the permissions and structure on that directory.

If I log in as root and try to su - to that user, I get
Unable to cd to "/home/<username>"


I'm going to try again with a different username, and see what gives. This makes no sense to me.

Any more ideas? Has anyone else seen anything like this?
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PiperTex
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 1:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I just tried again with a different username, and got the same results. I thought perhaps there was something funky (trailing space, or >8 chars) with the original, but that was not the case.
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fdamstra
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 1:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just a thought, but what are the permissions on the actual /home directory?

Do a:
# ls -d /home
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scruff
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Joined: 28 Nov 2003
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 1:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Log in as your user and before starting X, do 'echo $HOME'

I think your path is set incorectly.

Code:
no directory /home/<username>!
logging in with home="/"
-bash: /home/<username>/.bash_profile: Permission denied

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scruff
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 1:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I dunno.... I think I misread that error message. It does seem to look in /home/username first...

Try the echo command anyway, and for the hell of it give us a ls -la of / , /home , /home/username.

This is bugging me now. It all looks fine from your previous posts.

Post your fstab too. It might be the way you set that up.
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jkt
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Joined: 06 Feb 2004
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 3:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

`chmod 755 /home`?
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furkan
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PostPosted: Tue Apr 27, 2004 8:58 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

try those
Code:
chown <username> /home/<username>
and
chown /home/<username>/.bashrc

and if that don't work try that
Code:
usermod -d /home/<username> <username>

:) ....
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PiperTex
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PostPosted: Sun May 02, 2004 7:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I want to say THANK YOU to everyone who replied ot my post, and offered their help.

My problem seems to be fixed, but I had to go the long way around to get to it :P. My hard drive died completely, and would not boot. I had to install a new drive, and then re-install. For some reason (perhaps something wrong on the old drive, or something I missed during install on the old drive) everything works fine now.
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groover
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 03, 2004 9:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello.

I've got absolutely the same problem...
I create a user groover:
Code:
groupadd -u 101 groover
useradd -u 101 -g groover -G wheel,audio,cdrom,video,cdrw,portage,users -d /home/groover -s /bin/zsh -m -k /etc/skel/ groover
passwd groover

When I try to login this user, the message is:
No directory /home/groover
Becoming groover using su - groover follows in:
Unable to cd to "/home/groover"

Something more about my system and my fresh install...
I have an Asus M2N notebook, kernel 2.6.7-rc2 (development-sources with ~x86), using reiser-3.6 filesystems. My partitions are:

    /dev/hda1 -> /boot (reiserfs)
    /dev/hda2 -> sw
    /dev/hda3 -> / (reiserfs)
    /dev/hda5 -> /home (reiserfs)
    /dev/hda6 -> /mnt/data (reiserfs)

In /etc/fstab /home looks so:
Code:
/dev/hda5   /home   reiserfs   defaults   0 1

ls -alhF /
Code:

insgesamt 13K
drwx------  18 root root   408  4. Jun 01:27 ./
drwx------  18 root root   408  4. Jun 01:27 ../
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  3,6K  3. Jun 18:46 bin/
drwx------   2 root root    48  2. Jun 03:24 boot/
drwxr-xr-x  20 root root     0  4. Jun 02:42 dev/
drwxr-xr-x  35 root root  2,8K  4. Jun 02:01 etc/
drwxr-xr-x   4 root users   72  4. Jun 01:55 home/
drwxr-xr-x   8 root root  3,4K  2. Jun 19:01 lib/
drwxr-xr-x   5 root root   144  3. Jun 14:05 mnt/
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    72 12. Apr 23:28 opt/
dr-xr-xr-x  50 root root     0  4. Jun 2004  proc/
drwx------   3 root root   216  3. Jun 21:37 root/
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4,0K  3. Jun 21:41 sbin/
drwxr-xr-x   9 root root     0  4. Jun 2004  sys/
drwxrwxrwt   5 root root   160  4. Jun 01:59 tmp/
drwxr-xr-x  12 root root   424  2. Jun 15:56 usr/
drwxr-xr-x  12 root root   312  2. Jun 17:54 var/

ls -alhF /home
Code:

insgesamt 0
drwxr-xr-x   4 root    users  72  4. Jun 01:55 ./
drwx------  18 root    root  408  4. Jun 01:27 ../
drwxr-xr-x   2 groover users 160  4. Jun 01:55 groover/


The login process itself runs fine,
Code:

Jun  4 02:42:47 bomile login(pam_unix)[8298]: session opened for user groover by (uid=0)
Jun  4 02:42:47 bomile login(pam_unix)[8298]: session closed for user groover

I'd think.

I have absolutely no idea anymore how to fix this.
I checked permissions in /dev, udev, everything what has to do with the devices.
Because this is my first 2.6 I got running, I tried to find an error there, but we all don't think, that there's the problem.

What I want to say: I need help :<

In fact, I can't login the user!

Thanks for everything,

Mark
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dmitri
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 03, 2004 9:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Check your permissions on /

See this thread for more info.

https://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?p=1207156
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groover
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 03, 2004 9:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks a lot!

That's it :)

Mark
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