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jedihawk
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Joined: 06 Jul 2010
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 3:22 am    Post subject: [SOLVED] how to install 'host'? Reply with quote

Greetings experts,

I tried this:

Code:
bigserver ~ # host google.com
bash: host: command not found


And as you can see, that didn't work. So I tried this:

Code:
bigserver ~ # emerge host

 * IMPORTANT: 1 news items need reading for repository 'gentoo'.
 * Use eselect news to read news items.

Calculating dependencies... done!

>>> Verifying ebuild manifests

>>> Emerging (1 of 1) net-dns/host-991529
>>> Downloading 'http://distfiles.gentoo.org/distfiles/host.tar.Z'
--2010-12-07 17:19:57--  http://distfiles.gentoo.org/distfiles/host.tar.Z
Resolving distfiles.gentoo.org... 149.20.20.135, 156.56.247.195, 204.152.191.39, ...
Connecting to distfiles.gentoo.org|149.20.20.135|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: http://mirrors.kernel.org/gentoo/distfiles/host.tar.Z [following]
--2010-12-07 17:19:57--  http://mirrors.kernel.org/gentoo/distfiles/host.tar.Z
Resolving mirrors.kernel.org... 204.152.191.39, 149.20.20.135
Reusing existing connection to distfiles.gentoo.org:80.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 184455 (180K) [application/x-tar]
Saving to: `/usr/portage/distfiles/host.tar.Z'

100%[=====================================================================================================================================================================>] 184,455     --.-K/s   in 0.08s

2010-12-07 17:19:57 (2.34 MB/s) - `/usr/portage/distfiles/host.tar.Z' saved [184455/184455]

 * host.tar.Z RMD160 SHA1 SHA256 size ;-) ...                                                                                                                                                           [ ok ]
 * checking ebuild checksums ;-) ...                                                                                                                                                                    [ ok ]
 * checking auxfile checksums ;-) ...                                                                                                                                                                   [ ok ]
 * checking miscfile checksums ;-) ...                                                                                                                                                                  [ ok ]
 * This profile has not been tested thoroughly and is not considered to be
 * a supported server profile at this time.  For a supported server
 * profile, please check the Hardened project (http://hardened.gentoo.org).

 * This profile is merely a convenience for people who require a more
 * minimal profile, yet are unable to use hardened due to restrictions in
 * the software being used on the server. This profile should also be used
 * if you require GCC 4.1 or Glibc 2.4 support. If you don't know if this
 * applies to you, then it doesn't and you should probably be using
 * Hardened, instead.

 * CPV:  net-dns/host-991529
 * REPO: gentoo
 * USE:  amd64 elibc_glibc kernel_linux multilib userland_GNU

>>> Unpacking source...
>>> Unpacking host.tar.Z to /var/tmp/portage/net-dns/host-991529/work
>>> Source unpacked in /var/tmp/portage/net-dns/host-991529/work
>>> Compiling source in /var/tmp/portage/net-dns/host-991529/work ...
make -j3 CC=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc 'COPTS=-O2 -pipe'
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o main.o main.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o info.o info.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o list.o list.c


x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o addr.o addr.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o geth.o geth.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o util.o util.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o misc.o misc.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o test.o test.c
util.c: In function 'print_answer':
util.c:801: warning: format '%d' expects type 'int', but argument 2 has type 'long unsigned int'
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o file.o file.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o send.o send.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc -O2 -pipe -DHOST_RES_SEND  -I. -I.   -c -o vers.o vers.c
x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc  -o host main.o info.o list.o addr.o geth.o util.o misc.o test.o file.o send.o vers.o -lresolv
>>> Source compiled.
>>> Test phase [not enabled]: net-dns/host-991529

>>> Install host-991529 into /var/tmp/portage/net-dns/host-991529/image/ category net-dns
>>> Completed installing host-991529 into /var/tmp/portage/net-dns/host-991529/image/

strip: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-strip --strip-unneeded -R .comment
   usr/bin/hostx
ecompressdir: bzip2 -9 /usr/share/man

>>> Installing (1 of 1) net-dns/host-991529

>>> Recording net-dns/host in "world" favorites file...
>>> Auto-cleaning packages...

>>> No outdated packages were found on your system.

 * GNU info directory index is up-to-date.

 * IMPORTANT: 1 news items need reading for repository 'gentoo'.
 * Use eselect news to read news items.


And that seems to have worked. Now let's try it again...

Code:
bigserver ~ # host google.com
bash: host: command not found


Wait a sec... I'm right back where I started. What am I doing wrong here?


Last edited by jedihawk on Wed Dec 08, 2010 7:00 pm; edited 2 times in total
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wthrowe
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 4:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I remember being confused by that for a long time. It turns out that net-dns/host is some strange nonstandard host tool, so the ebuild renames the binary to host-woods to avoid conflicts. You can use that, but more likely you want to install net-dns/bind-tools, which provides the standard host command.
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charles17
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 11:12 am    Post subject: Re: how to install 'host'? Reply with quote

jedihawk wrote:
Code:
bigserver postfix # host google.com
bash: host: command not found
To find the executable commands of 'host', try
Code:
$ equery f host | grep bin
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jedihawk
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 6:49 pm    Post subject: 'emerge net-dns/bind-tools' works for 'host' Reply with quote

wthrowe wrote:
I remember being confused by that for a long time. It turns out that net-dns/host is some strange nonstandard host tool, so the ebuild renames the binary to host-woods to avoid conflicts. You can use that, but more likely you want to install net-dns/bind-tools, which provides the standard host command.


Hey, that works perfectly!

One question for you: how did you find this out?
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jedihawk
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 6:59 pm    Post subject: Re: how to install 'host'? Reply with quote

charles17 wrote:
jedihawk wrote:
Code:
bigserver postfix # host google.com
bash: host: command not found
To find the executable commands of 'host', try
Code:
$ equery f host | grep bin


Good info! Thanks for the tip.
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wthrowe
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 08, 2010 7:45 pm    Post subject: Re: 'emerge net-dns/bind-tools' works for 'host' Reply with quote

jedihawk wrote:
One question for you: how did you find this out?

I don't remember exactly where I found that; it was a while ago. Something through Google, I'm sure. Maybe this: http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/BIND#Troubleshooting_Your_Configuration
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SunMar
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PostPosted: Fri May 17, 2013 8:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Though a very old thread, I was looking for 'host' too. I did remember that the "host" package wasn't the one I needed, but couldn't remember which one I did need and found this thread via Google. Though the proposed solution of using the "host" package is fine, the common host tool is provided in the bind-tools package (along with dig, nslookup, nsupdate and dnssec-keygen).

Code:
emerge --ask bind-tools
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