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new_to_this
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 3:03 pm    Post subject: [SOLVED] ALSA missing libraries after reboot? Reply with quote

After following the set-up instructions on the ALSA wiki page yesterday, I had a working sound system. Both headphones and speakers worked, and alsamixer could be used to change the volume. Now, after I have shutdown and re-booted my computer, ALSA seems to have broken. The
Code:
alsamixer
command returns
Code:
cannot open mixer: No such file or directory
but
Code:
man alsamixer
still returns the manual page.
Code:
speaker-test -t wav -c 2
returns this:
Code:
   

     
    speaker-test 1.0.29
     
    Playback device is default
    Stream parameters are 48000Hz, S16_LE, 2 channels
    WAV file(s)
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-d) cannot find card '0'
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-evaluate) function snd_func_card_driver returned error: No such fil
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-concat) error evaluating strings
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-evaluate) function snd_func_concat returned error: No such file or
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-_refer) error evaluating name
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-evaluate) function snd_func_refer returned error: No such file or d
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-xpand) Evaluate error: No such file or directory
    ALSA lib /var/tmp/portage/media-libs/alsa-lib-1.0.29/work/alsa-lib-pen_noupdate) Unknown PCM default
    Playback open error: -2,No such file or directory

Further more the speaker do work, but seemingly only to beep. The only way I can get the system to make sound is when I try to move left against the machine name when I am in terminal. This produces a short beep from the speakers, whether or not the headphone are plugged in. These head phones go into a head phone jack and worked fine yesterday. I am using the
Code:
Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset High Definition Audio (rev 05)
audio card if that helps. I haven't done any system upgrades or installed any packages since, I got the sound to work, and the only thing I can think of to cause this is my shutdown and restart my computer.

Last edited by new_to_this on Fri Jul 10, 2015 9:10 pm; edited 1 time in total
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albright
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 4:05 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

what does aplay -l show; could be a mis-numbering of cards after
reboot (this happens on my T440S sometimes)
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 4:17 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

That returns:
Code:
aplay: device_list:268: no soundcards found...
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albright
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 6:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

is alsa service running? (though I'm not sure you need it
just to see the cards)
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 7:53 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Yep. I have it set up so that openRC starts it.
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albright
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 8:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

more obviousness: the sound modules are all loading correctly?
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 06, 2015 9:56 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'm not quite sure.
Code:
genkernel --menuconfig all
show that the modules I activated yesterday are loaded in my current kernel, but
Code:
modprobe
I think doesn't display any loaded modules for the soundcard. He is the results of modprobe.
Code:

Module                  Size  Used by
ipv6                  215517  14
ctr                     2683  2
ccm                     5674  2
binfmt_misc             4514  1
arc4                    1420  2
ath9k                  62694  0
ath9k_common           14509  1 ath9k
ath9k_hw              360798  2 ath9k_common,ath9k
coretemp                4040  0
ath                    13504  3 ath9k_common,ath9k,ath9k_hw
mac80211              339818  1 ath9k
kvm                   281452  0
cfg80211              301351  4 ath,ath9k_common,ath9k,mac80211
tpm_infineon            5350  0
iTCO_wdt                3843  0
iTCO_vendor_support     1324  1 iTCO_wdt
rfkill                 10577  2 cfg80211
yenta_socket           15928  0
microcode               5676  0
pcmcia_rsrc             6912  1 yenta_socket
e1000e                122866  0
pcspkr                  1239  0
joydev                  6520  0
serio_raw               3105  0
i2c_i801                7733  0
fujitsu_laptop          6885  0
rtc_cmos                6487  0
lpc_ich                11832  0
mfd_core                2093  1 lpc_ich
tpm_tis                 6356  0
tpm                    18975  2 tpm_tis,tpm_infineon
pata_acpi               2075  0
battery                10702  0
ac                      3445  0
acpi_cpufreq            5126  1
processor              20065  5 acpi_cpufreq
xts                     2139  0
gf128mul                5014  1 xts
cbc                     1796  0
sha256_generic         10528  0
tg3                   117627  0
ptp                     7378  2 tg3,e1000e
pps_core                4536  1 ptp
libphy                 17171  1 tg3
e1000                  78437  0
fuse                   57554  1
xfs                   567294  0
exportfs                2555  1 xfs
nfs                   117531  0
lockd                  43418  1 nfs
grace                   1162  1 lockd
sunrpc                150472  2 nfs,lockd
jfs                   133685  0
ext4                  357787  0
jbd2                   57303  1 ext4
multipath               4360  0
linear                  2898  0
raid10                 31975  0
dm_snapshot            23377  0
dm_bufio               10551  1 dm_snapshot
dm_crypt               12881  0
dm_mirror               9236  0
dm_region_hash          5079  1 dm_mirror
dm_log                  6328  2 dm_region_hash,dm_mirror
dm_mod                 61701  5 dm_log,dm_mirror,dm_bufio,dm_crypt,dm_snapshot
hid_sunplus              992  0
led_class               2107  2 ath9k,fujitsu_laptop
hid_samsung             2233  0
hid_pl                   884  0
hid_petalynx            1389  0
hid_gyration            1551  0
sl811_hcd               9564  0
usbhid                 26829  0
xhci_hcd               75936  0
ohci_hcd               20686  0
uhci_hcd               16105  0
usb_storage            33957  0
ehci_pci                2711  0
ehci_hcd               30928  1 ehci_pci
usbcore               113477  8 uhci_hcd,usb_storage,ohci_hcd,ehci_hcd,ehci_pci,usbhid,xhci_hcd,sl811_hcd
usb_common              1080  1 usbcore
aic94xx                55038  0
libsas                 45364  1 aic94xx
lpfc                  451176  0
crc_t10dif               763  1 lpfc
crct10dif_common        1012  1 crc_t10dif
qla2xxx               436527  0
megaraid_sas           77709  0
megaraid_mbox          20832  0
megaraid_mm             5370  1 megaraid_mbox
megaraid               29019  0
aacraid                57672  0
sx8                     9526  0
DAC960                 54314  0
cciss                  84420  0
3w_9xxx                24003  0
3w_xxxx                18158  0
mptsas                 38566  0
scsi_transport_sas     17057  3 libsas,mptsas,aic94xx
mptfc                  10097  0
scsi_transport_fc      31637  3 lpfc,qla2xxx,mptfc
mptspi                 11402  0
mptscsih               20561  3 mptfc,mptsas,mptspi
mptbase                66895  4 mptfc,mptsas,mptspi,mptscsih
atp870u                20376  0
dc395x                 23696  0
qla1280                16664  0
imm                     7145  0
parport                21511  1 imm
dmx3191d                7365  0
sym53c8xx              54123  0
qlogicfas408            3609  0
gdth                   68428  0
advansys               39944  0
initio                 12668  0
BusLogic               16659  0
arcmsr                 26764  0
aic7xxx                89984  0
aic79xx                94672  0
scsi_transport_spi     15343  5 mptspi,sym53c8xx,aic79xx,aic7xxx,dmx3191d
sg                     20545  0
pdc_adma                3837  0
sata_inic162x           5153  0
sata_mv                19085  0
ata_piix               18582  0
ahci                   20571  1
libahci                15419  1 ahci
sata_qstor              3832  0
sata_vsc                2913  0
sata_uli                2024  0
sata_sis                2597  0
sata_sx4                6447  0
sata_nv                14362  0
sata_via                5219  0
sata_svw                3129  0
sata_sil24              8259  0
sata_sil                5423  0
sata_promise            7219  0
pata_pcmcia             6636  0
pcmcia                 24956  1 pata_pcmcia
pcmcia_core             8644  3 pcmcia,pcmcia_rsrc,yenta_socket
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albright
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 12:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

you don't seem to have any sound modules loaded (did you build them
into the kernel?)

if I run lsmod | grep snd I get (intel sound on my T440S):

Code:


snd_hda_codec_hdmi     37828  1
snd_hda_codec_realtek    70079  1
snd_hda_codec_generic    58322  1 snd_hda_codec_realtek
snd_hda_intel          21967  6
snd_hda_controller     20889  1 snd_hda_intel
snd_hda_codec          96089  5 snd_hda_codec_realtek,snd_hda_codec_hdmi,snd_hda_codec_generic,snd_hda_intel,snd_hda_controller
snd_hwdep               6264  1 snd_hda_codec
snd_hda_core           26500  5 snd_hda_codec_realtek,snd_hda_codec_hdmi,snd_hda_codec_generic,snd_hda_codec,snd_hda_controller
snd_pcm                90331  4 snd_hda_codec_hdmi,snd_hda_codec,snd_hda_intel,snd_hda_controller
snd_timer              20639  1 snd_pcm
snd                    66185  21 snd_hda_codec_realtek,snd_hwdep,snd_timer,snd_hda_codec_hdmi,snd_pcm,snd_hda_codec_generic,snd_hda_codec,snd_hda_intel,thinkpad_acpi
soundcore               6595  1 snd

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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 5:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The kernel modules where definitely built into the kernel, otherwise how would I been able to use it? But it does currently seem like none of the modules I compiled into the kernel yesterday are loading today with
Code:
lsmod | grep snd
and
Code:
lsmod | grep hda
both returning nothing. I also went and checked out my genkernel menu and all those modules are still listed as activated in my kernel.
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 6:05 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Well, that is weird

can you load the modules manually, i.e.

(as root) modprobe snd-hda-intel ?
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 6:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Well if I input the command it doesn't display any errors, but if I do
Code:
lsmod | grep snd
it once again displays nothing.
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 6:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

just out of curiousity, what response is there to

(as root) rmmod snd-hda-intel ??
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 6:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You should look at your kernel config in /proc, just to make sure running kernel has all the needed options. There are a few things that can go wrong with kernel install and you may not be running the kernel you think you are.
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PostPosted: Tue Jul 07, 2015 7:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

albirght:
Code:
rmmod: ERROR: Module snd_hda_intel is builtin.


Buffoon: What file would that be? There's no clearly named kernel configuration file. Do you mean the one in /usr/src/linux?
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 08, 2015 2:36 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Do you have /proc/config.gz?

Code:
zcat /proc/config.gz >> /usr/src/linux/.config


, for example.
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 08, 2015 11:44 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I thought genkernel built a modular kernel so why is
sound built in?

what is output of uname -a ?
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 08, 2015 5:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

And post
Code:
cat /usr/src/linux/.config | grep HDA

mount /boot and
Code:
ls -l /boot
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 12:31 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

@keet
I did have that file; here is it's contents (now found in /usr/src/linux/.config): https://bpaste.net/show/2f0353554a5e
@albright
Code:
Linux The_Internet_Hate_Machine 4.0.5-gentoo #1 SMP Fri Jun 26 19:15:34 EDT 2015 i686 Intel(R) Core(TM) i5 CPU M 560 @ 2.67GHz GenuineIntel GNU/Linux

@seb8
cat /usr/src/linux/.config | grep HD:
Code:
CONFIG_SND_HDA=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_INTEL=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_DSP_LOADER=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_PREALLOC_SIZE=64
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_HWDEP is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_RECONFIG=y
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_INPUT_BEEP is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_INPUT_JACK=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_PATCH_LOADER=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_REALTEK=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_ANALOG=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_SIGMATEL=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_VIA=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_HDMI=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_I915=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CIRRUS=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CONEXANT=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CA0110=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CA0132=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CA0132_DSP=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CMEDIA=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_SI3054=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_GENERIC=y
CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE_DEFAULT=0
CONFIG_SENSORS_HDAPS=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_INTEL=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_PREALLOC_SIZE=64
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_HWDEP is not set
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_RECONFIG is not set
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_INPUT_BEEP is not set
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_INPUT_JACK is not set
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_PATCH_LOADER is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_REALTEK=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_ANALOG=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_SIGMATEL=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_VIA=m
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_HDMI is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_I915=y
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CIRRUS is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CONEXANT=m
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CA0110 is not set
# CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CA0132 is not set
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_CMEDIA=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_CODEC_SI3054=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_GENERIC=m
CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE_DEFAULT=0
CONFIG_SENSORS_HDAPS=m

Kinda weird. /boot and /dev/sda2 refuse to mount but your second command still works, and outputs:
Code:
total 10040
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3762024 Jul  5 12:15 initramfs-genkernel-x86-4.0.5-gentoo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4174848 Jul  5 11:53 kernel-genkernel-x86-4.0.5-gentoo
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2324710 Jul  5 11:53 System.map-genkernel-x86-4.0.5-gentoo
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 2:27 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The first thing I would do is run a check on your disk. If I booted and had missing things, I would run smartctl right off the bat. If you need it, you should emerge smartmontools. After they are merged, you can check SMART data this way.
Code:

~ $ sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda
smartctl 6.3 2014-07-26 r3976 [x86_64-linux-4.0.5-gentoo] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-14, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Momentus SpinPoint M8 (AF)
Device Model:     ST1000LM024 HN-M101MBB
Serial Number:    S2R8J9DC619370
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0004cf 207c86df3
Firmware Version: 2AR10002
User Capacity:    1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    5400 rpm
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 6
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 3.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Thu Jul  9 10:23:17 2015 EDT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00) Offline data collection activity
                                        was never started.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:                (13080) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 218) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x003f) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   100   100   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       4
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0026   252   252   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0023   089   089   025    Pre-fail  Always       -       3471
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       2802
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   252   252   010    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002e   252   252   051    Old_age   Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0024   252   252   015    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       2438
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0032   252   252   051    Old_age   Always       -       0
 11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       36
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       1500
191 G-Sense_Error_Rate      0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       99
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0022   252   252   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   061   058   000    Old_age   Always       -       39 (Min/Max 5/42)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x003a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   252   252   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   252   252   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   252   252   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0036   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x002a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       7011
223 Load_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       36
225 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   096   096   000    Old_age   Always       -       47055

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 0
Note: revision number not 1 implies that no selective self-test has ever been run
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Completed [00% left] (0-65535)
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

That is the output from my disk. As you can see, it is in perfect health. If you want to run a disk check, you would do sudo smartctl -t long /dev/sda. Replace /dev/sda with the drive you wish to check. It will tell you how long the test will take. I recommend leaving the system alone while it tests. Also, when finished, you would run sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda to see the results. If the results say your disk is fine, then I am off-base here. However, if your disk fails the check, you can backup your data before losing more than your sound.
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sebB
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Location: S.O. France

PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 4:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Linux The_Internet_Hate_Machine 4.0.5-gentoo #1 SMP Fri Jun 26 19:15:34 EDT 2015

Quote:
Jul 5 12:15 initramfs-genkernel-x86-4.0.5-gentoo
Jul 5 11:53 kernel-genkernel-x86-4.0.5-gentoo

Are you sure, your boot partition is mounted before you install your kernel?
Quote:
Kinda weird. /boot and /dev/sda2 refuse to mount

What is the problem? Post your fstab.
I think, your kernel install is not in the right folder.
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 5:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

@The_Great_Sephiroth
I passed, so I think this is a fstab issue.
@seb8
Here: https://bpaste.net/show/4ca448650129
I created it following specifications from the Gentoo handbook, so I'm not quite sure what I've messed up.
Quote:
Are you sure, your boot partition is mounted before you install your kernel?

No, usually I just run
Code:
 genkernel --menuconfig all

and it has worked. I've activated several kernel modukles in the past that have worked, and stayed activated, so I am not quite sure why it is effecting my system now.
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 5:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Maybe I am wrong but it's strange.
You use grub or grub2?
What "mount /boot" say?
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 5:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I am using grub2.
Code:
mount /boot

returns:
Code:
mount: special device /dev/BOOT does not exist
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sebB
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 6:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Your fstab is wrong. Post
Quote:
fdisk -l
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 09, 2015 6:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
Disk /dev/ram0: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram1: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram2: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram3: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram4: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram5: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram6: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram7: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram8: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram9: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram10: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram11: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram12: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram13: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram14: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/ram15: 8 MiB, 8388608 bytes, 16384 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk /dev/sda: 149.1 GiB, 160041885696 bytes, 312581808 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 358C0379-85B7-419D-8A74-F9EE49FD7C92

Device        Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1      2048      6143      4096     2M BIOS boot
/dev/sda2      6144   2047999   2041856   997M Linux filesystem
/dev/sda3   2048000  12287999  10240000   4.9G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda4  12288000 312579759 300291760 143.2G Linux filesystem
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