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Quick install guide for Nectra X1 (head-less cd-less)
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Joined: 02 Jul 2002
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PostPosted: Fri Oct 03, 2003 3:59 pm    Post subject: Quick install guide for Nectra X1 (head-less cd-less) Reply with quote

This is a guide for installing Gentoo on Nectra X1, X1 is a head-less and cdrom-less Sparc, so you will have to netboot it. There are 2 ways to netboot either RARP/BOOTP or DHCP, I am using DCHP here


#Software needed on the DHCP server
emerge tftp-hpa
emerge net-misc/dhcp
#you also need a ftp/http server

#tftp image needed

#stage needed, please us a mirror
bzip2 -cd stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.bz2 |gzip -c9 > stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.gz
#put the stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.gz in http/ftp accessible place

# on your DCHP server
vi /etc/hosts
<ip>     gentoox1

mkdir /tftpboot
cp /d0/sparc/gentoo/tftpboot.img /tftpboot/
/etc/init.d/in.tftpd start

cd /etc/dhcp
cp dhcpd.conf.sample dhcpd.conf
vi dhcpd.conf
     option domain-name "";
     option domain-name-servers;
     option subnet-mask;
     default-lease-time 600;
     max-lease-time 7200;
     server-name "servername";

     subnet netmask {
       option routers;
     host clientname {
       filename "/tftpboot/tftpboot.img";
       server-name "servername";
       next-server servername;
       hardware ethernet 01:23:45:67:89:AB;

vi /etc/conf.d/dhcp
/etc/init.d/dhcp start

#on X1 ethernet cable in net0 and console connected
#stop-A (no keyboard so that's a break in your favarite program)
# I use minicom: ctrl-A F then type
boot net:dchp
# after Debian booted press enter then choose execute a shell

#[color=red]NOTE[/color]: After Linux booted eth0=net1 and eth1=net0
ifconfig eth1 <IP> netmask <mask>
route add default gw <IP>


#swap if you are using any
mkswap /dev/hdaX
swapon /dev/hdaX

#or other fs if you prefer
echo y |mkreiserfs /dev/hdaX
echo y |mkreiserfs /dev/hdaY
echo y |mkreiserfs /dev/hdaZ

#boot partition has to be ext2 because of SILO
mkfs.ext2 /dev/hdaW

cd /mnt
mkdir gentoo

mount /dev/hdaX /mnt/gentoo
cd /mnt/gentoo
mkdir boot usr var
mount /dev/hdaW boot
mount /dev/hdaY usr
mount /dev/hdaZ var

wget ftp://<YOUR PATH>/stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.gz
wget http://<YOUR PATH>/stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.gz

tar zxf stage1-sparc64-1.4_rc4.tar.gz
mount -o bind /proc /mnt/gentoo/proc
chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash
source /etc/profile
export TERM=vt100
# edit /etc/resolv.conf with your nameservers
nano -w /etc/resolv.conf
emerge sync >/dev/null
emerge rsync >/dev/null

nano -w /etc/make.conf
USE="sparc64 mysql innodb ssl -opengl -svgalib -alsa -esd -X -java -gpm -berkdb -qt -gmp"
CFLAGS="-O2 -mcpu=ultrasparc -mtune=ultrasparc"

#if you use proxy
export HOME=/root
nano -w .wgetrc
ftp_proxy =
http_proxy =

cd /usr/portage
emerge system

emerge vanilla-sources
cd /usr/src/linux
make menuconfig
# [color=red]NOTE[/color]use tulip instead dmfe for your NIC
make dep;make clean;make vmlinux;make modules; make modules_install

emerge syslog-ng
rc-update add syslog-ng default

emerge vcron
rc-update add vcron default

emerge reiserfsprogs
cd /etc
ln -sf ../usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Brussels localtime
nano -w /etc/hostname
nano -w /etc/hosts
nano -w /etc/conf.d/net
rc-update add net.eth0 default
rc-update add sshd default

nano -w /etc/rc.conf
emerge silo
cp /usr/src/linux/vmlinux /boot
cd boot
gzip -9 vmlinux
mkdir /boot/etc
cp /etc/silo.conf /boot/etc
nano -w /boot/etc/silo.conf
silo -C /boot/etc/silo.conf
nano -w /etc/fstab
nano -w /etc/inittab #add serial console
nano -w /etc/securetty # add ttyS0
passwd root
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