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canduc17
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 12:06 pm    Post subject: Disperazione: Gentoo installato ieri è già esploso [Risolt Reply with quote

Non so che cacchio è successo, ma avevo installato correttamente Gentoo 2007.0, Xorg e kde.
Oggi volevo fare qualche configurazione di rifinitura ed è successa una cosa inspiegabile.
Ho cominciato cercando di settare correttamente /etc/conf.d/net in questo modo (visto che ho due interfacce di rete):
Code:
config_eth0("dhcp")
config_eth1("noop")
Poi da konsole ho dato
Code:
/etc/init.d/net.eth0 restart
per vedere se andava tutto bene e mi è apparso questo avviso:
Code:
* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this
Non capendolo ho deciso di riavviare e...APRITI CIELO!
Inizialmente mi dava questo errore al boot
Code:
* Cleaning /tmp directory....

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this
INIT: Entering runleavel:3

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this
ma anche dando il comando indicato non accadeva nulla, costringendomi peraltro a riavviare il pc col tasto d'accensione.
Pensando fosse un problema di baselayout, ho installato l'ultimissima versione stabile: 1.12.9-r2.
Riavviando ero riuscito a completare il boot (passando tra una marea di errori), riuscendo a loggarmi come root.
Ho cercato di far avviare kde, ma si bloccava a metà e sono stato costretto a riavviare brutalmente il pc ancora.

Ora al riavvio si blocca a metà sul malefico login
Code:
(none) ~ #
.

Alcuni messaggi di errore che mi dà ora sono (ne posto alcuni perchè sono costretto a ricopiarli, non avendo gpm disponibile o avviabile):
Code:
...
* Remounting root filesystem read/write ...
awk: (FILENAME=/proc/mounts FNR=6) attenzione: errore scrivendo 'standard output' (No space left on device)
* Warning: the current /etc/modules.conf has not been automatically generated
* Use "modules-update force" to force (re)generation
...
* Cleaning /tmp directory ...
/sbin/rc: line 512: echo: write error: No space left on device
* Could not create needed directory '/var/lib/init.d/softscripts'!
* Could not create needed directory '/var/lib/init.d/snapshot'!
* Could not create needed directory '/var/lib/init.d/options'!
#...uguale per un altra ventina di file
ln: creating symbolic link '/var/lib/init.d/started/checkroot': No such file or directory
...
E così per un altra marea di file.

Non so dove sbattere la testa...
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Last edited by canduc17 on Mon May 21, 2007 7:25 am; edited 1 time in total
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 12:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

beh... il no space left on device significa che non hai spazio su disco per effettuare l'operazione. le motivazioni possono essere varie:
non hai impostato correttamente le partizioni nell'fstab
hai fatto delle partizioni troppo piccole e le hai riempite
altre simili che possono dipendere / essere la causa di quanto sopra detto, come disk failure e simili.
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 12:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Come è possibile se fino a ieri andava a meraviglia?
Ho un disco sata2 da 320GB e non c'è su ancora niente, l'ho spianato ieri!
Adesso controllerò fstab, ma se avessi avuto problemi lì, me ne sarei accorto subito...
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 12:41 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

non so il come o il perchè. però l'errore è chiaro. lui vede il disco pieno.
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 1:48 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this

Mi sembra abb. chiaro il messaggio
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 3:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

il problema è che tutte le volte che ho visto quel messaggio ed ho fatto quanto detto non è mai cambiato nulla.
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 3:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Domanda del piffero:hai dato un etc-update o equivalente ?
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 5:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Se non ne vieni fuori, prova ad avviare con LiveCD, montare il necessario, e provare a vedere se riesci a sistemare qualcosa.

Non è che per caso hai impostato
Code:

svcmount="yes"

in /etc/conf.d/rc ?

Se sì, prova a rimetterlo a "no".
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 6:19 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Prova ad aggiungere l'opzione -u a depscan.sh, lo forza a ricalcolare le dipendenze comunque.
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 8:49 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

  1. Se faccio
    Code:
    depscan.sh -u
    almeno mi ripresenta gli errori del boot, invece di non farmi vedere niente.
    Cmq così non risolvo nulla;
  2. In /etc/conf.d/rc non ho mai modificato nulla, e infatti svcmount è impostato a "yes"; Non credo sia necessario riutilizzare il livecd, visto che riesco ad accedere e a modificare i file di configurazione;
  3. adesso ho provato etc-update e l'esito è stato:
    Code:
    (none) ~ # etc-update
    Scanning configuration files...
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 115: /var/tmp/2575/menuitems: No space left on device
    The following is the list of files wich need updating, each
    configuration file is followed by a list of possible replacement files.
    cat: /var/tmp/2575/menuitems: No such file or directory
    Please select a file to edit by entering the corresponding number.
            (don't use -3, -5, -7 or -9 if you're unsure what to do)
            (-1 to exit) (-3 to auto merge all remaining files)
                            (-5 to auto-merge AND not use 'mv -i')
                            (-7 to discard all updates)
                            (-9 to discard all updates AND not use 'rm -i'): -1
    Exiting: User termination!
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    NOTE: 6 updates remaining
    Credo che il problema stia qui...cosa mi consigliate di fare?

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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 9:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

canduc17 wrote:
  1. Se faccio
    Code:
    depscan.sh -u
    almeno mi ripresenta gli errori del boot, invece di non farmi vedere niente.
    Cmq così non risolvo nulla;
  2. In /etc/conf.d/rc non ho mai modificato nulla, e infatti svcmount è impostato a "yes"; Non credo sia necessario riutilizzare il livecd, visto che riesco ad accedere e a modificare i file di configurazione;
  3. adesso ho provato etc-update e l'esito è stato:
    Code:
    (none) ~ # etc-update
    Scanning configuration files...
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 115: /var/tmp/2575/menuitems: No space left on device
    The following is the list of files wich need updating, each
    configuration file is followed by a list of possible replacement files.
    cat: /var/tmp/2575/menuitems: No such file or directory
    Please select a file to edit by entering the corresponding number.
            (don't use -3, -5, -7 or -9 if you're unsure what to do)
            (-1 to exit) (-3 to auto merge all remaining files)
                            (-5 to auto-merge AND not use 'mv -i')
                            (-7 to discard all updates)
                            (-9 to discard all updates AND not use 'rm -i'): -1
    Exiting: User termination!
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/1: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/2: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/3: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/4: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/5: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 93: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    /usr/sbin/etc-update: line 94: /var/tmp/2575/files/6: No space left on device
    NOTE: 6 updates remaining
    Credo che il problema stia qui...cosa mi consigliate di fare?


facci vedere un "df -h" ed un "mount"...

cioa
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 9:31 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
(none) ~ # df -h
df: cannot read table of mounted file systems: no such file or directory

Cosa vuol dire farvi vedere un mount? Se ad esempio provo a montare una penna usb, funziona senza problemi con
Code:
mount /dev/sdf1 /mnt/penna


Dimenticavo: il mio /etc/fstab è:
Code:
/dev/sda1   /boot        ext3    defaults,noatime     1 2
/dev/sda2   none         swap    sw                   0 0
/dev/sda3   /            reiserfs    noatime              0 1

proc       /proc        proc    nodev,nosuid,noexec             0 0
shm        /dev/shm     tmpfs   nodev,nosuid,noexec  0 0

/dev/cdrom  /mnt/cdrom   auto    noauto          0 0


Cacchio, adesso ho riavviato ed è tornato fuori il messaggio:
Code:
* Cleaning /tmp directory....

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this
INIT: Entering runleavel:3

* Dependency info is missing please run
* # /sbin/depscan.sh
* to fix this
e facendo /sbin/depscan.sh -u ottengo
Code:
* Caching service dependencies ...
gawk: /lib/rcscripts/awk/cachedepends.awk:46: fatale: print a "/var/lib/init.d/depcacge.X10QyYz" fallita (No space on device)
bash: /var/lib/init.d/depcache: No such file or directory
* Failed to cache service dependencies

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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 9:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

@canduc
ci posti un
Code:
 fdisk -l


durante l'installazione hai fatto
Code:
grep -v rootfs /proc/mounts > /etc/mtab


ciauz
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 9:57 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
(none) ~ # fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 320.0 GB, 320072933376 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38913 cylinders
Units = cilindri of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Dispositivo Boot        Start             End               Blocks       Id    System
/dev/sda1  *               1                 13               104391      83    Linux
/dev/sda2                14                 76             506047+      82    Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3                 77               320             1959930      83    Linux


Quel comando credo di averlo dato, ho seguito il manuale passo passo durante l'installazione.
Però non ne sono sicuro, anzi mi vengono dei dubbi visto che
Code:
nano -w /etc/mtab
apre un file vuoto...
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 10:01 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

canduc17 wrote:
Code:
(none) ~ # df -h
df: cannot read table of mounted file systems: no such file or directory


Uhm.. brutto messaggio :?

canduc17 wrote:
Cosa vuol dire farvi vedere un mount?

Lancia il comando
Code:

mount

e riportaci l'output.
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2007 10:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Purtroppo lanciando mount non accade proprio nulla...
Code:
(none) ~ # mount
(none) ~ #

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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 5:33 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Non è che magari vista la marea di errori non sei entrato nel sistema vero e proprio ma nella shell per le emergenze ?
Scusa se non riesco a spiegarmi ma sono ancora morto di sonno...
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 6:19 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

cosa ti dà un `cat /etc/mtab` ?
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 7:24 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

canduc17 wrote:
Purtroppo lanciando mount non accade proprio nulla...
Code:
(none) ~ # mount
(none) ~ #

A me sembra che ci sia un guasto abbastanza serio nel sistema. Vedo che hai la partizione di root su un filesystem ReiserFS, non vorrei si fosse corrotto qualcosa.

Avvia con un LiveCD Linux, non montare le partizioni del tuo disco, e lancia
Code:

reiserfsck /dev/sda3

e vedi se ti riporta degli errori: se ce ne sono, un primo tentativo è
Code:

reiserfsck --fix-fixable /dev/sda3

Se i problemi continuano a persistere, prova con un
Code:

reiserfsck --rebuild-tree /dev/sda3


Altrimenti (se come hai detto l'installazione è fresca fresca), IMHO pialla tutto e reinstalla (utilizzando un FS diverso :P )
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 8:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

@ Kernel78: Non so cosa sia la console di emergenza e non vedo come potrei essere entrato in qualcosa di diverso dal sistema vero e proprio, visto che non ho modificato il grub.conf e non ho mai dato comandi durante il boot;

@ cloc3: /etc/mtab è vuoto e quindi giustamente
Code:
(none) ~ # cat /etc/mtab
(none) ~ #


@ Scen:
Code:
livecd root # reiserfsck /dev/sda3
reiserfsck 3.6.19 (2003 www.namesys.com)

*************************************************************
** If you are using the latest reiserfsprogs and  it fails **
** please  email bug reports to reiserfs-list@namesys.com, **
** providing  as  much  information  as  possible --  your **
** hardware,  kernel,  patches,  settings,  all reiserfsck **
** messages  (including version),  the reiserfsck logfile, **
** check  the  syslog file  for  any  related information. **
** If you would like advice on using this program, support **
** is available  for $25 at  www.namesys.com/support.html. **
*************************************************************

Will read-only check consistency of the filesystem on /dev/sda3
Will put log info to 'stdout'

Do you want to run this program?[N/Yes] (note need to type Yes if you do):Yes
###########
reiserfsck --check started at Fri May 18 10:02:10 2007
###########
Replaying journal..
Reiserfs journal '/dev/sda3' in blocks [18..8211]: 0 transactions replayed
Checking internal tree..finished
Comparing bitmaps..finished
Checking Semantic tree:
finished
No corruptions found
There are on the filesystem:
        Leaves 57279
        Internal nodes 381
        Directories 29732
        Other files 211966
        Data block pointers 424159 (76 of them are zero)
        Safe links 0
###########
reiserfsck finished at Fri May 18 10:02:43 2007
###########
livecd root #
Non mi sembra ci siano errori... :evil: :evil: :evil:
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 8:38 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Prova ad impostare
Code:

svcmount="no"

in /etc/conf.d/rc. Risolve qualcosa?
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IlGab
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 8:43 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

canduc17 wrote:
Code:
mount /dev/sdf1 /mnt/penna

Faccio un'ipotesi: visto che la usbkey è /dev/sdf... quanti dischi hai sulla macchina ?
Non è che tu hai partizionato correttamente /dev/sda ma quando poi il sistema si avvia ti identifica gli HD con un ordine differente ?
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canduc17
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 8:53 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

@ IlGab: sulla macchina ho un disco solo, SATAII Western Digital da 320 GB. Non è che ho tanti sdaX perchè ho una marea di prese usb? In tutto il desktop ne ho 9...

@ Scen: non ci capisco più una mazza: adesso in /etc/conf.d/rc, svcmount è impostato a "no"! 8O
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Scen
Retired Dev
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Joined: 29 Jul 2003
Posts: 2470
Location: Padova, Italy

PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 9:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

canduc17 wrote:
@ Scen: non ci capisco più una mazza: adesso in /etc/conf.d/rc, svcmount è impostato a "no"! 8O

Ok, lascialo così.

Il mio consiglio è

  1. Avviare con un LiveCD, montare tutte le partizioni, e fare chroot (con ovvi source /etc/profile && env-update)
  2. Reinstallare baselayout
  3. Aggiornare eventuali file di configurazione con etc-update o dispatch-conf
  4. Aggiornare le dipendenze dei servizi con /sbin/depscan.sh -u
  5. Uscire da chroot, smontare le partizioni e riavviare

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djinnZ
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PostPosted: Fri May 18, 2007 9:26 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Non so quanto possa servire ma tempo fa feci un errore nella riga di fstab relativa a root rc si limitava a non fare il remount rw senza riportare alcuna segnalazione.
mount di default legge /etc/mtab ma se il filesystem è rw o non c'è spazio non viene aggiornato. cat /proc/mounts è meglio (puoi anche fare un link ma poi devi verificare che in mtab sia mount -n dappertutto)
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