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TigerJr
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Joined: 19 Jun 2007
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Location: /dev/x0

PostPosted: Fri Aug 03, 2018 10:53 am    Post subject: Gentoo on XFS, grub Unknown filesystem type 0x83 Reply with quote

There are many ways to install Gentoo system.

But if you want to setup grub from XFS partition, grub prints error message "filesystem type unknown partition type 0x83". That is mean that grub didn't recognize XFS partition (tryed on grub-0.97-r18).

Due Gentoo GRUB Errors in wiki this is Error 17

https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/GRUB_Error_Reference
Quote:
Error 17 : Cannot mount selected partition


If you try to search with multiple search systems, you didn't find the way. (linuxquestion,ubuntooforums,askubuntoo,LOR,stackexchange,archlinux and more...) they tell that there is no way to setup grub from XFS partition and even force you to use separate /boot partition or setup root not on XFS.

About 9 years i installing gentoo on XFS, and yes i has some problems.

There was lucky build of gentoo-2014(livedvd-amd64-multilib-20140826.iso) live DVD, those in a fact can format XFS partition and than grub can setup from.

But next live build of gentoo-2016 can't do that way. So on one already forgoten forum was writen that the defaults XFS format parameters was changed and grub cant reconize that filesystem and didn't see /boot

SOLUTION

If you formating partition in XFS format use these parameters:
Code:
 livecd / # mkfs -t xfs -n ftype=0 -m crc=0 /dev/sda1


After that
Quote:
grub> root (hd0,0)
Filesystem type is xfs, partition type 0x83
grub> setup (hd0)
Checking if "/boot/grub/stage1" exists... yes
Checking if "/boot/grub/stage2" exists... yes
Checking if "/boot/grub/xfs_stage1_5" exists... yes
Running "embed /boot/grub/xfs_stage1_5 (hd0)"... failed (this is not fatal)
Running "embed /boot/grub/xfs_stage1_5 (hd0,1)"... failed (this is not fatal)
Running "install /boot/grub/stage1 (hd0) /boot/grub/stage2 p /boot/grub/menu.lst "... succeeded
Done.




Code:
livecd / # xfs_info /dev/sda1
meta-data=/dev/sda1              isize=256    agcount=4, agsize=1904960 blks
         =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=1
         =                       crc=0        finobt=0 spinodes=0
data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=7619840, imaxpct=25
         =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
log      =internal               bsize=4096   blocks=3720, version=2
         =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0


PS from man:
Code:

                   ftype=value
                          This feature allows the inode type to be stored in the directory structure so that the readdir(3) and getdents(2) do not need to look up the inode to deter-
                          mine the inode type.

                          The value is either 0 or 1, with 1 signifiying that filetype information will be stored in the directory structure. The default value is 0.

                          When CRCs are enabled via -m crc=1, the ftype functionality is always enabled. This feature can not be turned off for such filesystem configurations.

Code:

                   crc=value
                          This  is  used  to create a filesystem which maintains and checks CRC information in all metadata objects on disk. The value is either 0 to disable the fea-
                          ture, or 1 to enable the use of CRCs.

                          CRCs enable enhanced error detection due to hardware issues, whilst the format changes also improves crash recovery algorithms and the  ability  of  various
                          tools  to  validate and repair metadata corruptions when they are found.  The CRC algorithm used is CRC32c, so the overhead is dependent on CPU architecture
                          as some CPUs have hardware acceleration of this algorithm.  Typically the overhead of calculating and checking the CRCs is not noticeable in  normal  opera-
                          tion.

                          By default, mkfs.xfs will enable metadata CRCs.

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