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Silent-Hunter
Apprentice
Apprentice


Joined: 07 Jul 2013
Posts: 166

PostPosted: Tue Apr 28, 2015 2:07 am    Post subject: Help with postfix and fetchmail? Reply with quote

I'm trying to set up postfix and fetchmail so I can send and receive email through a unix mailbox. But even though I followed directions for both, I have no mailbox in /var/spool/mail. I can send mail with the mail executable, but not receive it.

How do I do this?

My main.cf:

Code:
relayhost = [smtp.gmail.com]:587
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/saslpass
smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtp_use_tls = yes

compatibility_level = 2

queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix

command_directory = /usr/sbin

daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix

data_directory = /var/lib/postfix

mail_owner = postfix

unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550

debug_peer_level = 2

debugger_command =
    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
    ddd $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5

sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail

newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases

mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq

setgid_group = postdrop

html_directory = no

manpage_directory = /usr/share/man

sample_directory = /etc/postfix

readme_directory = no
inet_protocols = ipv4
meta_directory = /etc/postfix
shlib_directory = /usr/lib64/postfix/${mail_version}
home_mailbox = .maildir/


My master.cf:

Code:
#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master" or
# on-line: http://www.postfix.org/master.5.html).
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (no)    (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       1       postscreen
#smtpd     pass  -       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#dnsblog   unix  -       -       n       -       0       dnsblog
#tlsproxy  unix  -       -       n       -       0       tlsproxy
#submission inet n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
#  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
#  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps     inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
#  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
#  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628       inet  n       -       n       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    unix  n       -       n       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       n       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      unix  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     unix  n       -       n       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       n       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       n       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       n       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       n       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
relay     unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       n       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       n       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       n       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       n       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
#   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
#  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
#uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
#ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
#
#bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
#
#scalemail-backend unix -       n       n       -       2       pipe
#  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store
#  ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
#
#mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
#  ${nexthop} ${user}


My saslpass:

Code:
[smtp.gmail.com]:587 silenthunter.vanguard@gmail.com:REDACTED


My transport:

Code:
# This sends mail to Gmail
gmail.com               smtp:[smtp.gmail.com]:587
#
# Except mail going to the tape and closet server
silent        relay:[localhost]


aliases:

Code:
silent: silent@TERMINAL-BMRF-9


generic:

Code:
silent@localhost   silenthunter.vanguard@gmail.com


EDIT: Ohhhh my goodness, it downloaded them all to local .maildir. How do I stop it doing that? I want it to download them all to /var/spool/mail/silent so dtmail can see them.


Last edited by Silent-Hunter on Tue Apr 28, 2015 11:34 am; edited 1 time in total
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hdcg
n00b
n00b


Joined: 07 Apr 2013
Posts: 56

PostPosted: Tue Apr 28, 2015 3:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi Silent-Hunter,

multiple comments:

Either you have posted the wrong file for master.cf or your master.cf is messed up. The posted data looks like the raw main.cf (comments and options).

I hope you did not reveal your real password by posting saslpass above.

Most likely the line
Code:
home_mailbox = .maildir/
in your main.cf is responsible for maildir delivery.

Best Regards,
Holger
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Silent-Hunter
Apprentice
Apprentice


Joined: 07 Jul 2013
Posts: 166

PostPosted: Tue Apr 28, 2015 11:31 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Yes, I posted the wrong file. And no, that's not my real password. I almost did though! Let me put the right one:

Code:
#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master" or
# on-line: http://www.postfix.org/master.5.html).
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (no)    (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       1       postscreen
#smtpd     pass  -       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#dnsblog   unix  -       -       n       -       0       dnsblog
#tlsproxy  unix  -       -       n       -       0       tlsproxy
#submission inet n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
#  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
#  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps     inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
#  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
#  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
#  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628       inet  n       -       n       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    unix  n       -       n       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       n       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      unix  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     unix  n       -       n       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       n       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       n       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       n       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       n       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       n       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
relay     unix  -       -       n       -       -       smtp
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       n       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       n       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       n       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       n       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       n       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       n       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
#   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
#  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
#uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
#ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
#
#bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
#
#scalemail-backend unix -       n       n       -       2       pipe
#  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store
#  ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
#
#mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
#  ${nexthop} ${user}


And is it safe to change the home_maildir to /var/spool/mail? I didn't have to do any of this last time I set it up, I just followed these directions last time and it worked: http://pissedoffadmins.com/general/postfix-in-gentoo-using-gmail-as-relay-without-certs.html

Oh, and here are my use flags for postfix:

Code:
 * Found these USE flags for mail-mta/postfix-3.0.0:
 U I
 + + berkdb       : Add support for sys-libs/db (Berkeley DB for MySQL)
 - - cdb          : Add support for the CDB database engine from the author of qmail
 - - doc          : Add extra documentation (API, Javadoc, etc). It is recommended to enable per package instead of globally
 - - dovecot-sasl : Enable net-mail/dovecot protocol version 1 (server only) SASL implementation
 + + eai          : Add support for SMTPUTF8
 - - hardened     : Activate default security enhancements for toolchain (gcc, glibc, binutils)
 - - ldap         : Add LDAP support (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
 - - ldap-bind    : Add support for binding to LDAP backend using dev-libs/cyrus-sasl
 - - lmdb         : Add support for using dev-db/lmdb for lookup tables
 + + mbox         : Add support for mbox (/var/spool/mail) style mail spools
 - - memcached    : Add support for using net-misc/memcached for lookup tables
 - - mysql        : Add mySQL Database support
 - - nis          : Support for NIS/YP services
 + + pam          : Add support for PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules) - DANGEROUS to arbitrarily flip
 - - postgres     : Add support for the postgresql database
 + + sasl         : Add support for the Simple Authentication and Security Layer
 - - sqlite       : Add support for sqlite - embedded sql database
 + + ssl          : Add support for Secure Socket Layer connections
 - - vda          : Add support for virtual delivery agent quota enforcing


EDIT: THANK YOU!!! I commented out the home directory line and it fixed it! :D

EDIT2: Now I have a new problem:

Code:
mail: Cannot create lockfile /var/mail/silent.lock: Error creating temporary lockfile


My /var/spool/mail permissions are:

Code:
drwxrwsr-x  2 mail    mail 4096 Apr 28 07:38 mail


Is that incorrect? I followed directions for that as well.

EDIT3: The lockfile problem appears to have gone away on its own. Also fetchmail isn't fetching anything. My fetchmailrc contents are as follows (Password redacted, of course:

Code:
poll pop.gmail.com port 995 proto pop3
user "silenthunter.vanguard@gmail.com" password "REDACTED" ssl is "silent@TERMINAL-BMRF-9" here


When I type fetchmail -v I get:

Code:
fetchmail: no mailservers have been specified.
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Silent-Hunter
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Joined: 07 Jul 2013
Posts: 166

PostPosted: Sat May 09, 2015 1:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just bumping this, since I still can't get fetchmail to work. Not sure if there's Gentoo specific instructions, but I tried following several to no avail.
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cboldt
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l33t


Joined: 24 Aug 2005
Posts: 829

PostPosted: Sat May 09, 2015 2:04 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Do you have a ~/.fetchmailrc file? That's where the mail servers are specified.
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