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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 8:35 am    Post subject: [RISOLTO]:impostare lingua italiana Reply with quote

buongiorno a tutti
dopo aver fatto il tetnativo andato a buonfine di installare gentoo
ho reinstallato il sistema per acquisire più esperienza , padronanza e sicurezza nell'installazione del sistema.

anche il secondo tentativo (c'è ne sarà un terzo) è andato bene , ma ho dimenticato di dare i comandi
nano -w /etc/locale.gen
locale-gen
eselect locale set n°

quindi mi ritrovo il sistema con lingua ingelese
è possibile ovviare a questa dimenticanza ?

grazie per la vostra generosa pazienza e disponibilità


Last edited by trigg on Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:43 pm; edited 1 time in total
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fedeliallalinea
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 9:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Certo basta seguire la guida di localizzazione.
In pratica devi solo soltanto fare gli stessi passaggi che avresti fatto nell'installazione.
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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 10:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

alcune voci sono in italiano mentre le voci del menu e delle toolbar sono ancora in ingelse
:!:
Code:
trigg@gento ~ $ locale -a
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_COLLATE to default locale: No such file or directory
C
POSIX
it_IT
it_IT.iso88591



Code:
trigg@gento ~ $ locale
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory
LANG=aa_DJ.utf8
LC_CTYPE="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_NUMERIC="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_TIME="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_COLLATE="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_MONETARY="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_MESSAGES="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_PAPER="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_NAME="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_ADDRESS="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_TELEPHONE="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_ALL=
trigg@gento ~ $
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fedeliallalinea
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 10:19 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Puoi postare il contenuto del file /etc/locale.gen
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 10:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

certo che si ^_^

Code:
# /etc/locale.gen: list all of the locales you want to have on your system.
# See the locale.gen(5) man page for more details.
#
# The format of each line:
# <locale name> <charset>
#
# Where <locale name> starts with a name as found in /usr/share/i18n/locales/.
# It must be unique in the file as it is used as the key to locale variables.
# For non-default encodings, the <charset> is typically appended.
#
# Where <charset> is a charset located in /usr/share/i18n/charmaps/ (sans any
# suffix like ".gz").
#
# All blank lines and lines starting with # are ignored.
#
# For the default list of supported combinations, see the file:
# /usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED
#
# Whenever glibc is emerged, the locales listed here will be automatically
# rebuilt for you.  After updating this file, you can simply run `locale-gen`
# yourself instead of re-emerging glibc.

#en_US ISO-8859-1
#en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
#ja_JP.EUC-JP EUC-JP
#ja_JP.UTF-8 UTF-8
#ja_JP EUC-JP
#en_HK ISO-8859-1
#en_PH ISO-8859-1
#de_DE ISO-8859-1
#de_DE@euro ISO-8859-15
#es_MX ISO-8859-1
#fa_IR UTF-8
#fr_FR ISO-8859-1
#fr_FR@euro ISO-8859-15
it_IT ISO-8859-1
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sabayonino
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 11:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

il mio locale.gen è impostatto così

Code:
en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
en_US ISO-8859-1
it_IT.UTF-8 UTF-8
it_IT ISO-8859-1
it_IT@euro ISO-8859-15


a te manca l'utf8 che è quello più utilizzato (diciamo che è quasi un default su molti casi , in primis la navigazione)

ti ricordo che il manuale gentoo è benfornito e documentato su tutti i fronti. Ne hai da leggere...

https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Localization/Guide
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fedeliallalinea
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 11:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Come ha detto sabayonino metti anche UTF-8.
Quello che non capisco e' da dove arrivi aa_DJ.utf8 che si vede dal comando locale.
eselect locale list cosa ritorna?
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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

ho trovato questa risposta

https://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-919154-start-0.html

devo installare anche X11?

Code:
[ Results for search key : X11 ]
Searching...

*  dev-haskell/x11
      Latest version available: 1.8-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 187 KiB
      Homepage:      https://github.com/xmonad/X11
      Description:   A binding to the X11 graphics library
      License:       BSD

*  dev-haskell/x11-xft
      Latest version available: 0.3.1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 14 KiB
      Homepage:      http://hackage.haskell.org/cgi-bin/hackage-scripts/package/X11-xft
      Description:   Bindings to the Xft, X Free Type interface library, and some Xrender parts
      License:       LGPL-2.1

*  dev-perl/X11-FreeDesktop-DesktopEntry
      Latest version available: 0.40.0-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 5 KiB
      Homepage:      http://search.cpan.org/dist/X11-FreeDesktop-DesktopEntry/
      Description:   An interface to Freedesktop.org .desktop files
      License:       || ( Artistic GPL-1+ )

*  dev-perl/X11-Protocol
      Latest version available: 0.560.0-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 99 KiB
      Homepage:      http://search.cpan.org/dist/X11-Protocol/
      Description:   Client-side interface to the X11 Protocol
      License:       || ( Artistic GPL-1+ ) MIT

*  dev-perl/X11-XCB [ Masked ]
      Latest version available: 0.170.0-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 89 KiB
      Homepage:      http://search.cpan.org/dist/X11-XCB/
      Description:   Perl bindings for libxcb
      License:       || ( Artistic GPL-1+ )

*  dev-qt/qtx11extras
      Latest version available: 5.9.4
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 75 KiB
      Homepage:      https://www.qt.io/
      Description:   Linux/X11-specific support library for the Qt5 framework
      License:       || ( GPL-2 GPL-3 LGPL-3 ) FDL-1.3

*  media-fonts/x11fonts-jmk
      Latest version available: 3.0-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 610 KiB
      Homepage:      http://www.jmknoble.net/fonts/
      Description:   This package contains character-cell fonts for use with X
      License:       GPL-2

*  net-misc/x11-ssh-askpass
      Latest version available: 1.2.4.1-r1
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 29 KiB
      Homepage:      http://www.liquidmeme.net/software/x11-ssh-askpass/
      Description:   X11-based passphrase dialog for use with OpenSSH
      License:       HPND

*  x11-apps/x11perf
      Latest version available: 1.6.0
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 187 KiB
      Homepage:      https://www.x.org/wiki/ https://cgit.freedesktop.org/
      Description:   X rendering operation stress test utility
      License:       MIT

*  x11-base/xorg-x11
      Latest version available: 7.4-r3
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 0 KiB
      Homepage:      https://www.x.org/wiki/
      Description:   An X11 implementation maintained by the X.Org Foundation (meta package)
      License:       metapackage

*  x11-libs/libX11
      Latest version available: 1.6.5-r1
      Latest version installed: 1.6.5-r1
      Size of files: 2307 KiB
      Homepage:      https://www.x.org/wiki/ https://cgit.freedesktop.org/
      Description:   X.Org X11 library
      License:       MIT

*  x11-misc/x11vnc
      Latest version available: 0.9.14_p20161013
      Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ]
      Size of files: 1663 KiB
      Homepage:      https://libvnc.github.io/
      Description:   A VNC server for real X displays
      License:       GPL-2

*  x11-module-rebuild
      Description:   Package set which contains all packages that match specified values of a specified variable.

[ Applications found : 13 ]



può dipendere anche da questo!
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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

fedeliallalinea wrote:
Come ha detto sabayonino metti anche UTF-8.
Quello che non capisco e' da dove arrivi aa_DJ.utf8 che si vede dal comando locale.
eselect locale list cosa ritorna?


non avevo ancora letto la risposta

locale,gen
Code:
# yourself instead of re-emerging glibc.

#en_US ISO-8859-1
#en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
#ja_JP.EUC-JP EUC-JP
#ja_JP.UTF-8 UTF-8
#ja_JP EUC-JP
#en_HK ISO-8859-1
#en_PH ISO-8859-1
#de_DE ISO-8859-1
#de_DE@euro ISO-8859-15
#es_MX ISO-8859-1
#fa_IR UTF-8
#fr_FR ISO-8859-1
#fr_FR@euro ISO-8859-15
it_IT ISO-8859-1
it_IT.UTF-8 UTF-8
it_IT@euro ISO-8859-15



locale
Code:
trigg@gento ~ $ locale
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory
LANG=aa_DJ.utf8
LC_CTYPE="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_NUMERIC="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_TIME="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_MONETARY="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_MESSAGES="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_PAPER="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_NAME="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_ADDRESS="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_TELEPHONE="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="aa_DJ.utf8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="aa_DJ.utf8"


LC_ALL=



eselect loacale list
Code:
gento /home/trigg # eselect locale list
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 4: LANG: comando non trovato
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 5: LC_COLLATE: comando non trovato
!!! Error: Failed to source /etc/env.d/02locale.
Call stack:
    * load_config (config.bash:106)
    * read_env_value (locale.eselect:37)
    * do_list (locale.eselect:71)
    * check_do (core.bash:24)
    * do_action (core.bash:105)
    * main (eselect:181)
/usr/bin/locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
/usr/bin/locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 4: LANG: comando non trovato
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 5: LC_COLLATE: comando non trovato
!!! Error: Failed to source /etc/env.d/02locale.
Call stack:
    * load_config (config.bash:106)
    * read_env_value (locale.eselect:37)
    * find_targets (locale.eselect:31)
    * do_list (locale.eselect:72)
    * check_do (core.bash:24)
    * do_action (core.bash:105)
    * main (eselect:181)
Available targets for the LANG variable:
  [1]   C
  [2]   POSIX
  [3]   it_IT
  [4]   it_IT.iso88591
  [ ]   (free form)
exiting
gento /home/trigg #
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fedeliallalinea
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Non non devi installare alcun pacchetto, se xfce4 funziona hai gia' tutto quello che serve.
Code:
# eselect locale list
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 4: LANG: comando non trovato
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 5: LC_COLLATE: comando non trovato
!!! Error: Failed to source /etc/env.d/02locale.
Call stack:
    * load_config (config.bash:106)
    * read_env_value (locale.eselect:37)
    * do_list (locale.eselect:71)
    * check_do (core.bash:24)
    * do_action (core.bash:105)
    * main (eselect:181)
/usr/bin/locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
/usr/bin/locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 4: LANG: comando non trovato
/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 5: LC_COLLATE: comando non trovato
!!! Error: Failed to source /etc/env.d/02locale.

Qua hai un po' di casini. Dopo aver aggiunto UTF-8 hai lanciato il comando, da root, locale-gen?
Cosa contiene il file /etc/env.d/02locale?
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sabayonino
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

/etc/env.d/02locale: riga 4: LANG: comando non trovato


posta il contenuto di
Code:
/etc/env.d/02locale


ci deve essere un errore di sintassi da qualche parte

Se ti può servire , il mio è impostato così

/etc/env.d/02locale
Code:
LANG="it_IT.UTF-8"


PS : risposto assieme a fedeliallalinea
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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

/etc/env.d/02locale
Code:
# Configuration file for eselect
# This file has been automatically generated.
LANG="it_IT.iso88591"
LANG = it_IT.UTF-8
LC_COLLATE = C


local-gen
Code:
gento /home/trigg # locale-gen
 * Generating 3 locales (this might take a while) with 4 jobs
 *  (1/3) Generating it_IT.ISO-8859-1 ...                                                                                                                                               [ ok ]
 *  (3/3) Generating it_IT.ISO-8859-15@euro ...                                                                                                                                         [ ok ]
 *  (2/3) Generating it_IT.UTF-8 ...                                                                                                                                                    [ ok ]
 * Generation complete
 * Adding locales to archive ...                                                                                                                                                        [ ok ]
gento /home/trigg #


forse ci siamo trovati 2 errori
la riga 4 di 02locale
ed il mancato comando di locale-gen
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trigg
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 21, 2018 12:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

infatti adesso è italiano

risolto , grazie per la disponibilità

bello gentoo , un sistema che per 2 anni mi ha fatto impazzire adesso mi sta piacendo sempre di più

grazie fedeliallalinea e grazie sabayonino :)

sto imparando tantissimo in questi giorni
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