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reppk
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 15, 2017 3:01 pm    Post subject: Locale error Reply with quote

Hello, everyone!

I used to use zh_TW.UTF-8 as my locale setting. Several days ago, I found that I can't use my locale anymore. My GUI language changed into English as well.

The error message looks like this:
Code:
bash: warning: setlocale: LC_ALL: cannot change locale (zh_TW.utf8)


This is the result from "eselect locale list":
Code:
# eselect locale list 
Available targets for the LANG variable:
  [1]   C
  [2]   POSIX
  [3]   zh_TW.UTF-8 *
  [ ]   (free form)

Almost all of locales disappeared!

What can I do to fix it?
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khayyam
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PostPosted: Wed Feb 15, 2017 3:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

reppk ...

please post the output of the following:

Code:
# egrep -v '(^#|^$)' /etc/locale.gen
# locale -a
# locale

best ... khay
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reppk
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 16, 2017 2:18 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Here is the result:
Code:
# egrep -v '(^#|^$)' /etc/locale.gen
ja_JP.EUC-JP EUC-JP
ja_JP.UTF-8 UTF-8
ja_JP EUC-JP
ja_JP.SJIS SJIS
zh_TW.UTF-8 UTF-8
zh_TW.BIG5 BIG5
zh_CN.UTF-8 UTF-8
zh_CN.GB2312 GB2312

# locale -a
C
POSIX

# locale   
LANG=C
LC_CTYPE="C"
LC_NUMERIC="C"
LC_TIME="C"
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_MONETARY="C"
LC_MESSAGES="C"
LC_PAPER="C"
LC_NAME="C"
LC_ADDRESS="C"
LC_TELEP# locale   
LANG=C
LC_CTYPE="C"
LC_NUMERIC="C"
LC_TIME="C"
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_MONETARY="C"
LC_MESSAGES="C"
LC_PAPER="C"
LC_NAME="C"
LC_ADDRESS="C"
LC_TELEPHONE="C"
LC_MEASUREMENT="C"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="C"
LC_ALL=
HONE="C"
LC_MEASUREMENT="C"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="C"
LC_ALL=
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khayyam
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 16, 2017 2:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

reppk wrote:
Code:
# locale -a
C
POSIX

reppk ... run the following (as root)

Code:
# locale-gen
# source /etc/profile
# locale -a
# locale

HTH & best ... khay
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reppk
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 16, 2017 4:27 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
# locale-gen
 * Generating locale-archive: forcing # of jobs to 1
 * Generating 8 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
 *  (1/8) Generating ja_JP.EUC-JP ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (2/8) Generating ja_JP.EUC-JP ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (3/8) Generating ja_JP.SJIS ...
character map file `SJIS' not found: No such file or directory            [ !! ]
 *  (4/8) Generating ja_JP.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 *  (5/8) Generating zh_CN.GB2312 ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (6/8) Generating zh_CN.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 *  (7/8) Generating zh_TW.BIG5 ...                                       [ !! ]
 *  (8/8) Generating zh_TW.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 * Generation complete

# source /etc/profile
# locale -a
C
POSIX

# locale   
LANG=C
LC_CTYPE="C"
LC_NUMERIC="C"
LC_TIME="C"
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_MONETARY="C"
LC_MESSAGES="C"
LC_PAPER="C"
LC_NAME="C"
LC_ADDRESS="C"
LC_TELEPHONE="C"
LC_MEASUREMENT="C"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="C"
LC_ALL=


Nothing changed.

PS: BTW, I use systemd.
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Fitzcarraldo
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 16, 2017 4:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

reppk wrote:
PS: BTW, I use systemd.

That's a big "BTW"!

I'm not sure if it will help you, but below is how I set up the time zone and locale in a distribution that uses systemd:

1. Listed the available time zones:
Code:
# timedatectl list-timezones

(Pressed the Space Bar to page through the list, and the Q key to exit the list.)

2. Specified the timezone I wanted:
Code:
# timedatectl set-timezone America/Sao_Paulo


3. Listed the current locale:
Code:
# localectl list-locales
en_US
en_US.iso88591
en_US.utf8


4. I wanted to change the current locale and also add a locale, so I edited the locale.gen file:
Code:
# nano /etc/locale.gen


I wanted to have just British English and Brazilian Portuguese, so I made the file contain only the following:
Code:
en_GB.UTF-8 UTF-8
en_GB ISO-8859-1
pt_BR.UTF-8 UTF-8
pt_BR ISO-8859-1


If I had only wanted one language (I’ll use Brazilian Portuguese as an example), I would have made it contain the following instead:
Code:
pt_BR.UTF-8 UTF-8
pt_BR ISO-8859-1


5. Generated the locale(s):
Code:
# locale-gen
* Generating 4 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
* (1/4) Generating en_GB.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
* (2/4) Generating en_GB.ISO-8859-1 ... [ ok ]
* (3/4) Generating pt_BR.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
* (4/4) Generating pt_BR.ISO-8859-1 ... [ ok ]
* Generation complete


6. Listed the locales I had configured, just to be sure:
Code:
# localectl list-locales
en_GB
en_GB.iso88591
en_GB.utf8
pt_BR
pt_BR.iso88591
pt_BR.utf8


7. Set the language I wanted to use:
Code:
# localectl set-locale LANG=pt_BR.UTF-8


8. Listed the console keymaps available:
Code:
# localectl list-keymaps


9. Chose the console keymap I wished to use:
Code:
# localectl set-keymap br-abnt2

N.B. The above systemd command did not change the console keymap specified in /boot/grub/grub.cfg, which remained as “vconsole.keymap=us“. I fixed that later by editing /etc/default/grub and running grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg, as I show further on.

10. Listed the X11 keymaps available:
Code:
# localectl list-x11-keymap-layouts


11. Chose the X11 keymap I wished to use:
Code:
# localectl set-x11-keymap br


12. Updated the environment variables and profile to adopt what I had specified:
Code:
# env-update && source /etc/profile


13. Rebooted:
Code:
# systemctl reboot


14. Logged-in as the root user.

15. Fixed the console keymap specified in grub.cfg:
Code:
# nano /etc/default/sabayon-grub


and replaced “vconsole.keymap=us” with “vconsole.keymap=br-abnt2“. Then regenerate grub.cfg:
Code:
# grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg


16. If you use KDE, you'll also need to install the KDE internationalisation package:

In my case, I would have the following in /etc/portage/make.conf:
Code:
# grep "LINGUAS\|L10N" /etc/portage/make.conf
LINGUAS="en en_GB pt_BR"
L10N="en en-GB pt-BR"

Code:
# emerge kde-l10n

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khayyam
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PostPosted: Thu Feb 16, 2017 6:08 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

reppk wrote:
PS: BTW, I use systemd.

reppk ... you might have said this at the outset, then I would know not to waste my time.

best ... khay
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reppk
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 17, 2017 1:46 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sorry, I forgot most of gentoo users still using openrc.

Code:
# locale-gen
 * Generating locale-archive: forcing # of jobs to 1
 * Generating 8 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
 *  (1/8) Generating ja_JP.EUC-JP ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (2/8) Generating ja_JP.EUC-JP ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (3/8) Generating ja_JP.SJIS ...
character map file `SJIS' not found: No such file or directory            [ !! ]
 *  (4/8) Generating ja_JP.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 *  (5/8) Generating zh_CN.GB2312 ...                                     [ !! ]
 *  (6/8) Generating zh_CN.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 *  (7/8) Generating zh_TW.BIG5 ...                                       [ !! ]
 *  (8/8) Generating zh_TW.UTF-8 ...                                      [ !! ]
 * Generation complete

Does this mean locale-gen failed?

I tried localectl command, but it still not work.
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