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[lm_sensors] Was ist "Physical id 0"?
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Joined: 26 Nov 2006
Posts: 1090
Location: Schwabenländle

PostPosted: Sat Oct 26, 2013 8:19 am    Post subject: [lm_sensors] Was ist "Physical id 0"? Reply with quote

Hallo Zusammen,

nachdem ich es nun endlich geschafft habe eine "/etc/sensors3.conf" zu erstellen, die mir sinnvolle Werte meines Systems liefert, würde mich noch brennend interessieren, was "Physical id 0" ist?

vdr01_64 ~ # sensors
Adapter: ISA adapter
Vcore:         +0.89 V  (min =  +0.75 V, max =  +1.10 V)
+12 Volt:     +12.29 V  (min = +11.42 V, max = +12.58 V)
AVcc:          +3.28 V  (min =  +3.14 V, max =  +3.47 V)
+3.3 Volt:     +3.26 V  (min =  +3.14 V, max =  +3.47 V)
+5 Volt:       +5.04 V  (min =  +4.76 V, max =  +5.24 V)
3V_SB:         +3.42 V  (min =  +3.14 V, max =  +3.47 V)
Vbat:          +3.31 V  (min =  +2.40 V, max =  +3.60 V)
FSB VTT:       +1.07 V  (min =  +0.98 V, max =  +1.10 V)
Chassis Fan1:    0 RPM  (min =    0 RPM)
CPU Fan:       405 RPM  (min =    0 RPM)
Chassis Fan2:    0 RPM  (min =    0 RPM)
Chassis Fan3:    0 RPM  (min =    0 RPM)
Chassis Fan4:    0 RPM  (min =    0 RPM)
CPU Temp.:     +36.0°C  (high = +80.0°C, hyst = +75.0°C)  sensor = thermistor
M/B Temp.:     +25.0°C  (high = +70.0°C, hyst = +40.0°C)  sensor = thermistor
beep_enable:  enabled

Adapter: ISA adapter
Physical id 0:  +39.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 0:         +38.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 1:         +37.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 2:         +34.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)
Core 3:         +38.0°C  (high = +85.0°C, crit = +105.0°C)

vdr01_64 ~ #

Evtl. hat ja Jemand eine Idee, denn bei Google habe ich nichts brauchbares gefunden. :(
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PostPosted: Sat Oct 26, 2013 9:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

dann scheinst du nicht die richtige suchbegriffe verwendet zu haben ;)

bei mir ergab die Suchabfrage als 2. Treffer folgendes:

[quote=]Physical ID 0 is the CPU package temperature and displayed since pkgtemp
and coretemp have been merged into a single driver.[/quote]

Suchbegriffe: lm_sensors output "Physical id 0"
Ein Ring, sie zu knechten, sie alle zu finden,
Ins Dunkel zu treiben und ewig zu binden
Im Lande Mordor, wo die Schatten drohn.
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PostPosted: Sat Oct 26, 2013 10:02 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

THX, aber ganz genau, wird es HIER erklärt:

Hardware Monitor's "Package Temperature" is simply a record of the highest temperature measurement, whether the source is the hottest "Core" or if enabled, the on-chip "GPU".

Intel's Thermal Specification - - for your i5 2500K is 72C, however, the technical definition of their specification is very complicated. This continues to be a major source of confusion and misinformation in the enthusiast and overclocking communities, so I'll break it down for you.

There are 5 thermal sensors in a 4 core processor; a single Analog sensor (CPU temperature) and 4 individual Digital sensors (Core temperatures).

CPU Temperature:

The temperature shown in Intel's specification, (Tcase), is measured on the surface of the Integrated Heat Spreader (IHS) under tightly controlled laboratory conditions at 22C Standard Ambient (intake temperature). For lab testing only, a groove is cut into the surface of the IHS where a thermocouple is embedded at the center. The stock cooler is attached, and a steady-state 100% workload is applied, (such as Prime95 Small FFT's). Thermal saturation is reached within 10 minutes.

Since there is no thermocouple on any processors outside Intel's labs in the wholesale or retail outlets, a single Analog Thermal Diode is instead used to "emulate" a thermocouple. This single analog sensor is located in the center of the lower layers of the processor package and is called "CPU" temperature, which is the equivalent of "Tcase".

The analog value is converted to digital (A to D) by the Super I/O (Input / Output) chip on the motherboard, then is calibrated to look-up tables coded into BIOS, which are all too often inaccurate. This is the temperature you see in BIOS and in monitoring utilities such as AI Suite II or OC Panel, which are provided by motherboard manufacturers.

Core Temperature:

Also called "Tjunction", Core temperature is measured at the heat source by individual Digital Thermal Sensors (DTS) for each Core, which are factory calibrated by Intel. Since the CPU sensor is not in close proximity to the heat sources, there is ~5C thermal gradient or "offset" between "Core" temperature and "CPU" temperature during Prime95 Small FFT's.

This means that "CPU" temperature runs ~5C lower than "Core" temperatures. More correctly, since there is always some temperature sensor discrepancies between Cores, "average" Core temperature is most important.

To simplify Intel's thermal specification, at Default / Auto BIOS settings (stock clock and Vcore) with the stock cooler, if Prime95 Small FFT's is run for 10 minutes at 22C Ambient, then the average "Core" temperature would be ~5C higher than "CPU" temperature.


2nd Generation i5 2500K / i7 2700K (95 Watts)

Standard Ambient = 22C
Tcase (CPU Temp) = 72C
CPU / Core Offset + 5C
Tjunction (Core Temp) = 77C
Tj Max (Shutdown Temp) = 98C

3rd Generation i5 3570K / i7 3770K (77 Watts)

Standard Ambient = 22C
Tcase (CPU Temp) = 67C
CPU / Core Offset + 5C
Tjunction (Core Temp) = 72C
Tj Max (Shutdown Temp) = 105C

4th Generation i5 4670K / i7 4770K (84 Watts)

Standard Ambient = 22C
Tcase (CPU Temp) = 72C
CPU / Core Offset + 5C
Tjunction (Core Temp) = 77C
Tj Max (Shutdown Temp) = 105C

Shutdown Temperature:

Tj Max is Intel's Thermal Specification which defines the "Core" temperature at which the processor will shutdown. Excessive heat kills electronics. Most folks in the Intel overclocking community will agree that any sustained temperatures greater than high 70's are just too hot for a 12 hour stability test or for processor longevity.

Ambient Temperature:

"Ambient" temperature means "room" temperature, or more correctly, "intake" temperature at or near your computer's air intake. This is a very important temperature measurement, because Ambient directly affects all other computer temperatures. Use a trusted analog or digital indoor thermometer to measure Ambient temperature. When performing a Thermal Test, if you're testing above 22C Standard Ambient, then you need to subtract the difference so that your test results are corrected to Intel's standards. This way you eliminate variables, and your results will always be consistent and repeatable. Here's the conversions and a short scale:

F-32/9x5=C ... or ... Cx9/5+32=F ... or more simply ... 1C = 1.8F

20.0C = 68.0F (Office Winter)
21.0C = 69.8F
22.0C = 71.6F (Standard Ambient)
23.0C = 73.4F
24.0C = 75.2F
25.0C = 77.0F (Office Summer)

Overclocking and Vcore

Power dissipation can reach 130% to 150% of your processor's TDP envelope when Overclocked with either Auto or Manual Vcore settings. Excessive Vcore and temperatures will result in accelerated "Electromigration", which prematurely erodes the Traces and Junctions within the processors layers and nano-circuits. This will in turn eventually result in Blue-Screen crashes, which will become increasingly frequent over time. Therefore, Vcore settings should not exceed the following:

45 Nanometer 1st Generation Core i ..... 1.40 Vcore
32 Nanometer 2nd Generation Core i .... 1.35 Vcore
22 Nanometer 3rd Generation Core i ..... 1.30 Vcore
22 Nanometer 4th Generation Core i ..... 1.30 Vcore

Also, 3rd and 4th Generation Core i processors use a poor quality, unevenly spread Thermal Compound between the top of the Cores and the underside of the Integrated Heat Spreaders (IHS). The result is typically wide variations between Core temperatures, or one Core which runs significantly hotter than it's neighbors.

This has prompted some enthusiasts to "delid" or remove their processor's IHS to replace Intel's Thermal Compound with a high quality Thermal Compound. However, 2nd Generation Core i and earlier processors don't suffer from these problems, as Intel used fluxless solder, which provides efficient heat transfer.

Thermal Testing @ 100% Workload:

Prime95 Small FFT's is the standard for processor thermal testing, because it's a steady-state 100% workload. This is the test that Real Temp uses to test sensor movement. Prime95's default test, Blend, is a cyclic workload for testing memory stability, and is not suitable for thermal testing. Other tests such as LINPACK and IBT (Intel Burn Test is NOT written by Intel) have segments that load all registers with all one's, which is the equivalent of a 115% workload. While suitable for stability testing, IBT is not a steady-state 100% workload.

You can see for yourself by using the "Graphs" in SpeedFan to illustrate and compare how these tests create different thermal signatures. On air cooling, thermal saturation is typically reached within 10 minutes, however on liquid cooling, up to 30 minutes may be required to reach saturation. Testing should be conducted with the computer clear of any desk enclosures, case covers open and all fans (and if equipped with liquid cooling, the circulating pump) at 100% so that base-line temperatures can be seen and noted as the best-case scenario.

Thermal Testing @ Idle:

If "Speedstep" is "Disabled" in BIOS, then depending upon Vcore and clock speed, Idle Power can be nearly 40 Watts, which will result in high Idle temperatures, especially when combined with a high Ambient temperature. Speedstep needs to be Enabled to achieve the lowest possible Idle temperatures. Idle means dead Idle; no programs running, and Off Line! No Folding or SETI or Tray Trash running in the background, and less than 2% CPU Usage under the "Performance" Tab in Windows Task Manager.

Allow your rig to "settle" for 10 minutes on air cooling and up to 30 minutes on liquid cooling, then measure Ambient temperature. Use CPU-Z to confirm that Speedstep has dropped the frequency to 1600 MHz, and use Core Temp, Real Temp or Hardware Monitor to confirm that Power is ~ 6 Watts. Under these controlled conditions, an accurate Core temperature will indicate ~ 6 to 7C above Ambient.

The Core Temperature sensors are designed to be more accurate at high temperatures for shutdown protection (TjMax). Many 45, 32 and 22 Nanometer processor variants have sensors with large "slope errors" or sensors that "stick" 10c or more above Idle. Sensor movement can be tested using Real Temp. It's common to see a Core or two which won't indicate a true Idle temperature.

I hope this answers any questions you may have about processor temperatures.
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PostPosted: Sat Oct 26, 2013 3:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

firefly wrote:
dann scheinst du nicht die richtige suchbegriffe verwendet zu haben ;) ...

Nun, offensichtlich habe ich keinen schwarzen Gürtel im "Power-googleing" :lol: :P

Wenn mir jetzt noch Jemand einen Tipp geben könnte, wie ich das "Physical id 0" umlabeln kann?

Leider funktioniert,

label   Physical id 0   "CPU IHS Temp"

nicht. :(
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