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dm254
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 10:06 pm    Post subject: The Kernel refuses to load in Gentoo on first boot Reply with quote

The kernel does not load fully, it requests input that I do not know to put it simple terms. I am still quite a bit new to the world of Linux, so I wanted to challenge myself to install Gentoo.
The searches for a similar problem said that the kernel does have support for the motherboard controller. I am installing Gentoo in a VirtualBox environment or at least trying to. I do not know what I should select when compiling the kernel. I have two kernels currently on a single partition, one made by "genkernel all" and the other manually configuring that when started spit out different errors (by the look)
The genkernel says:
Code:

>> Determining root device...
!! Could not find the root block  device in UUID=fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf


Then it asks me to specify a new value, type "shell" or "q" to skip.

Code:

VFS: Cannot open root device "sda1" or unknown block(0,0): error -6
Please append correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions:
Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0)
CPU: 0 PID:1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.10.7-gentoo-r1 #2
Hardware name: innotek GmbH VirtualBox/VirtualBox, BIOS VirtualBox 12/01/2006


And it stops
The grub.conf file was made by grub2-mkconfig.
Any helpful ideas to fix this mess?
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eyoung100
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 10:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Please Post:
  1. /boot/grub/grub.conf
  2. /etc/fstab

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dm254
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The /etc/fstab file says:
Code:

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# noatime turns off atimes for increased performance (atimes normally aren't
# needed); notail increases performance of ReiserFS (at the expense of storage
# efficiency).  It's safe to drop the noatime options if you want and to
# switch between notail / tail freely.
#
# The root filesystem should have a pass number of either 0 or 1.
# All other filesystems should have a pass number of 0 or greater than 1.
#
# See the manpage fstab(5) for more information.
#

# <fs>         <mountpoint>   <type>      <opts>      <dump/pass>

# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
#/dev/BOOT      /boot      ext2      noauto,noatime   1 2
#/dev/ROOT      /      ext3      noatime      0 1
#/dev/SWAP      none      swap      sw      0 0
#/dev/cdrom      /mnt/cdrom   auto      noauto,ro   0 0
#/dev/fd0      /mnt/floppy   auto      noauto      0 0
/dev/sda1  /      ext4  noatime       0 1


The grub.conf says:
Code:

#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub2-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}

function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,msdos1'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=en_US
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if sleep --interruptible 0 ; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
Found linux image: /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
Found initrd image: /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
   load_video
   set gfxpayload=keep
   insmod gzio
   insmod part_msdos
   insmod ext2
   set root='hd0,msdos1'
   if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
     search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
   else
     search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
   fi
   echo   'Loading Linux x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 ...'
   linux   /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 root=UUID=fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf ro 
   echo   'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
   initrd   /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
}
submenu 'Advanced options for Gentoo GNU/Linux' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
   menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux, with Linux x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1-advanced-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
      load_video
      set gfxpayload=keep
      insmod gzio
      insmod part_msdos
      insmod ext2
      set root='hd0,msdos1'
      if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      else
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      fi
      echo   'Loading Linux x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 ...'
      linux   /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 root=UUID=fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf ro 
      echo   'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
      initrd   /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
   }
   menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux, with Linux x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 (recovery mode)' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1-recovery-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
      load_video
      set gfxpayload=keep
      insmod gzio
      insmod part_msdos
      insmod ext2
      set root='hd0,msdos1'
      if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      else
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      fi
      echo   'Loading Linux x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 ...'
      linux   /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1 root=UUID=fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf ro single
      echo   'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
      initrd   /boot/initramfs-genkernel-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
   }
Found linux image: /boot/kernel-3.10.7
   menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux, with Linux 3.10.7' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.10.7-advanced-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
      load_video
      insmod gzio
      insmod part_msdos
      insmod ext2
      set root='hd0,msdos1'
      if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      else
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      fi
      echo   'Loading Linux 3.10.7 ...'
      linux   /boot/kernel-3.10.7 root=/dev/sda1 ro 
   }
   menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux, with Linux 3.10.7 (recovery mode)' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.10.7-recovery-fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf' {
      load_video
      insmod gzio
      insmod part_msdos
      insmod ext2
      set root='hd0,msdos1'
      if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      else
        search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf
      fi
      echo   'Loading Linux 3.10.7 ...'
      linux   /boot/kernel-3.10.7 root=/dev/sda1 ro single
   }
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
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eyoung100
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
#/dev/BOOT      /boot      ext2      noauto,noatime   1 2
#/dev/ROOT      /      ext3      noatime      0 1
#/dev/SWAP      none      swap      sw      0 0


Set BOOT to the UUID for boot (UUID=fe1ddf2d-7a59-4f64-a34a-52bbc59585bf from 1st post)
Set ROOT accordingly
Set SWAP accordingly
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Jaglover
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

This would definitely be a problem ... if kernel was able to read sda1. But it is not.
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dm254
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The kernel can not read /dev/sda1 I didn't know that. The guide I used /dev/sda1. that's what I get for using non-official documentation.

Reguarding adding the uuid thing to fstab, what should it look like?
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Code:
VFS: Cannot open root device "sda1" or unknown block(0,0):

That's your problem at hand. Put your kernel .config into pastebin, please.
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I belive the file is /etc/kernels/kernel-config-x86-3.10.7-gentoo-r1
Below, is what was in it.

Modified to a pastebin:
http://pastebin.com/C80G1TMh


Last edited by dm254 on Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:05 am; edited 4 times in total
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Put your kernel .config into pastebin, please.
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dm254
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I can not find a kernel .config file, what is the location of the file should be?
I did find a genkerenl.conf, though
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 15, 2013 11:56 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

ffs, make sure your sata controller is included into your kernel config, make sure your file system is installed into your kernel. make sure your kernels got devtmpfs in.

post lspci -k, and edit that post with the avalanche of info to a link to pastebin containing that info, i refuse to look at it when its flooding the thread.
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Hu
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:06 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

666threesixes666 wrote:
ffs, make sure your sata controller is included into your kernel config, make sure your file system is installed into your kernel. make sure your kernels got devtmpfs in.

post lspci -k, and edit that post with the avalanche of info to a link to pastebin containing that info, i refuse to look at it when its flooding the thread.
He is not following directions well, but there is no need to curse at him. He has devtmpfs enabled. I cannot check filesystems due to truncation, but he appears to be using genkernel, so he probably enabled more filesystems than he needs.

OP: you posted the right file, but you posted it the wrong way. As Jaglover has requested twice now, you should put that into a pastebin, not inline in the thread. Kernel configurations are too long to post successfully in the Gentoo forums.
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dm254
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I am assuming you want me to run that command chrooted, right?
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

lspci -k command ran via the live Knoppix cd I was using, chrooted it gave command not found.
Pastebin:
http://pastebin.com/C80G1TMh
Sorry, about pasting the config inline.
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:32 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

boot the cd, mount the gentoo partitions, enter the chroot, nominally:
Code:
mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/gentoo
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot
cp -L /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/
mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc
mount --rbind /sys /mnt/gentoo/sys
mount --rbind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash
source /etc/profile
export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"
Then
Code:
emerge wgetpaste pciutils
wgetpaste /usr/src/linux/.config
lspci -nnk | wgetpaste
Post the url's received, wait in the chroot or make a graceful exit:
Code:
exit
cd
umount -l /mnt/gentoo/dev{/shm,/pts,}
umount -l /mnt/gentoo{/boot,/proc,}
reboot

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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 12:46 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The first command gave url :
http://bpaste.net/show/140878
The second command gave this
Code:
lspci: Unable to load lobkmod resources: error -12
Your paste can be seen here: http://bpaste.net/show/140879


Regarding the kernel config file, do you want me to paste a new version since the line counts don't match at all?
Nevermind above, I just gave a new config file, I think.
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 1:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Device Drivers --->
Generic Driver Options --->
-*- Maintain a devtmpfs filesystem to mount at /dev
[*] Automount devtmpfs at /dev, after the kernel mounted the rootfs # has been needed occasionally
<*> Serial ATA and Parallel ATA drivers --->
[ ] Verbose ATA error reporting
[*] ATA ACPI Support
[ ] SATA Zero Power Optical Disc Drive (ZPODD) support
[ ] SATA Port Multiplier support
*** Controllers with non-SFF native interface ***
<*> AHCI SATA support
< > Platform AHCI SATA support
< > Initio 162x SATA support (Very Experimental)
< > ACard AHCI variant (ATP 8620)
< > Silicon Image 3124/3132 SATA support
[*] ATA SFF support (for legacy IDE and PATA)
*** SFF controllers with custom DMA interface ***
< > Pacific Digital ADMA support
< > Pacific Digital SATA QStor support
< > Promise SATA SX4 support (Experimental)
[*] ATA BMDMA support
*** SATA SFF controllers with BMDMA ***
<*> Intel ESB, ICH, PIIX3, PIIX4 PATA/SATA support # You might need this depending on mode used in bios/VM
< > Calxeda Highbank SATA support
< > Marvell SATA support
< > NVIDIA SATA support
< > Promise SATA TX2/TX4 support
< > Renesas R-Car SATA support
< > Silicon Image SATA support
< > SiS 964/965/966/180 SATA support
< > ServerWorks Frodo / Apple K2 SATA support
< > ULi Electronics SATA support
< > VIA SATA support
< > VITESSE VSC-7174 / INTEL 31244 SATA support
*** PATA SFF controllers with BMDMA ***
< > ALi PATA support
< > AMD/NVidia PATA support
< > ARASAN CompactFlash PATA Controller Support
< > ARTOP 6210/6260 PATA support
<*> ATI PATA support
< > ARTOP/Acard ATP867X PATA support
< > CMD64x PATA support
< > CS5510/5520 PATA support
< > CS5530 PATA support
< > CS5536 PATA support
< > Cypress CY82C693 PATA support (Very Experimental)
< > EFAR SLC90E66 support
< > HPT 366/368 PATA support
< > HPT 370/370A/371/372/374/302 PATA support
< > HPT 371N/372N/302N PATA support
< > HPT 343/363 PATA support
< > IT8213 PATA support (Experimental)
< > IT8211/2 PATA support
< > JMicron PATA support
< > Marvell PATA support via legacy mode
< > NETCELL Revolution RAID support
< > Ninja32/Delkin Cardbus ATA support
< > Nat Semi NS87415 PATA support
< > Intel PATA old PIIX support
< > OPTI FireStar PATA support (Very Experimental)
< > Promise PATA 2027x support
< > Older Promise PATA controller support
< > RADISYS 82600 PATA support (Experimental)
< > RDC PATA support
< > SC1200 PATA support
< > Intel SCH PATA support
< > SERVERWORKS OSB4/CSB5/CSB6/HT1000 PATA support
< > CMD / Silicon Image 680 PATA support
< > SiS PATA support
< > Toshiba Piccolo support (Experimental)
< > Compaq Triflex PATA support
< > VIA PATA support
< > Winbond SL82C105 PATA support
*** PIO-only SFF controllers ***
< > CMD640 PCI PATA support (Experimental)
< > Intel PATA MPIIX support
< > Nat Semi NS87410 PATA support
< > OPTI621/6215 PATA support (Very Experimental)
< > PC Tech RZ1000 PATA support
*** Generic fallback / legacy drivers ***
< > ACPI firmware driver for PATA
< > Generic ATA support
< > Legacy ISA PATA support (Experimental)
File systems --->
< > Second extended fs support
< > Ext3 journalling file system support
<*> The Extended 4 (ext4) filesystem
[*] Use ext4 for ext2/ext3 file systems # occasionally

[ ] Ext4 POSIX Access Control Lists
[ ] Ext4 Security Labels
[ ] EXT4 debugging support
[*] Dnotify support # have "known" I needed this for a long time, no longer know why
[*] Inotify support for userspace

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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 1:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Recompile kernel with those options according to 2.20-2.21 in the quick install guide, and reboot?
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 1:30 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

yes sorry i was cursing at the insane size of that post... not the user for future reference...

https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Troubleshooting

:D

my computers nvidia so i must compile in < > NVIDIA SATA support i need to see the lspci -k to see what your sata controller is, or pata if its older hardware.
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cat /etc/*-release
Funtoo Linux - baselayout 2.2.0
consider this warning no. 1
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http://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Special:Contributions/666threesixes666
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dm254
n00b
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Joined: 15 Oct 2013
Posts: 11

PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 1:47 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

When compliling I get the follows errors
Code:
usr/initramfs_data.S:1:0: error CPU you selected does not support x86-64 instruction set
make[1]: *** [usr/initramfs_dta.o] Error 1
make : *** [usr] Error 2

and
Code:

/usr/src/linux-3.10.7-gentoo-r1/arch/x86/Makefile:92: stack protector enabled but no compiler support
[/code]
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DONAHUE
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Joined: 09 Dec 2006
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Location: Goose Creek SC

PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 2:30 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

boot anything,
Code:
cat /proc/cpuinfo
what cpu do you have?

from the chroot
Code:
emerge --info | wgetpaste
post url
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dm254
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Joined: 15 Oct 2013
Posts: 11

PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 9:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

First command gave:
Code:
processor   : 0
vendor_id   : GenuineIntel
cpu family   : 6
model      : 60
model name   : Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-4670K CPU @ 3.40GHz
stepping   : 3
cpu MHz      : 3364.983
cache size   : 6144 KB
physical id   : 0
siblings   : 2
core id      : 0
cpu cores   : 2
apicid      : 0
initial apicid   : 0
fdiv_bug   : no
hlt_bug      : no
f00f_bug   : no
coma_bug   : no
fpu      : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level   : 5
wp      : yes
flags      : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc pni ssse3 lahf_lm
bogomips   : 6732.38
clflush size   : 64
cache_alignment   : 64
address sizes   : 39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor   : 1
vendor_id   : GenuineIntel
cpu family   : 6
model      : 60
model name   : Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-4670K CPU @ 3.40GHz
stepping   : 3
cpu MHz      : 3364.983
cache size   : 6144 KB
physical id   : 0
siblings   : 2
core id      : 1
cpu cores   : 2
apicid      : 1
initial apicid   : 1
fdiv_bug   : no
hlt_bug      : no
f00f_bug   : no
coma_bug   : no
fpu      : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level   : 5
wp      : yes
flags      : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc pni ssse3 lahf_lm
bogomips   : 6732.38
clflush size   : 64
cache_alignment   : 64
address sizes   : 39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:


and the url for the second command gave:
http://bpaste.net/show/141135
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