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[i3wm advanced config file] [solved]
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tw04l124
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 18, 2013 3:18 pm    Post subject: [i3wm advanced config file] [solved] Reply with quote

Here is my i3wm config file with the following features.

German Keyboard Layout
xscreensaver process started.

Keybindings:
Windows +E starts xfe File manager
Windows +L locks the Screen with xscreensaver
Volumemutekey mutes pulseaudio
Volumeupkey unmutes and rises master pulseaudio channel +1dB
Volumedownkey unmutes and rises master pulseaudio channel +1dB

You can start any program with Windows +D. If you switch over from gnome 2 for example you may know Alt + F2.

First Workspace renamed to 1:Shell and autorun of lilyterm terminal emulator.
Second Workspace renamed to 2:Web and autorun of google-chrome Webbrowser.

Changing of Workspaces with Windows + Number-Key (1 to 9 key)


Code:

roman@localhost ~ $ cat .i3/config
# This file has been auto-generated by i3-config-wizard(1).
# It will not be overwritten, so edit it as you like.
#
# Should you change your keyboard layout somewhen, delete
# this file and re-run i3-config-wizard(1).
#

#set kayboard german layout
exec setxkbmap de
#start the screensaver damon, xscreensaver is the featurerichst one
exec xscreensaver

#set modifier and l button as locking the screensaver
bindsym $mod+l exec xscreensaver-command --lock

#set modifier and e button to run xfe, the file manager
bindsym $mod+e exec xfe

# i3 config file (v4)
#
# Please see http://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html for a complete reference!

#set the modifier button to the windows button
set $mod Mod4

# Font for window titles. Will also be used by the bar unless a different font
# is used in the bar {} block below. ISO 10646 = Unicode
font -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-C-70-iso10646-1
# The font above is very space-efficient, that is, it looks good, sharp and
# clear in small sizes. However, if you need a lot of unicode glyphs or
# right-to-left text rendering, you should instead use pango for rendering and
# chose a FreeType font, such as:
# font pango:DejaVu Sans Mono 10

# Use Mouse+$mod to drag floating windows to their wanted position
floating_modifier $mod

# start a terminal
bindsym $mod+Return exec lilyterm
#i3-sensible-terminal

# kill focused window
bindsym $mod+Shift+q kill

# start dmenu (a program launcher)
bindsym $mod+d exec dmenu_run
# There also is the (new) i3-dmenu-desktop which only displays applications
# shipping a .desktop file. It is a wrapper around dmenu, so you need that
# installed.
# bindsym $mod+d exec --no-startup-id i3-dmenu-desktop

# change focus
bindsym $mod+Left focus left
bindsym $mod+Down focus down
bindsym $mod+Up focus up
bindsym $mod+Right focus right

# move focused window
bindsym $mod+Shift+j move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+k move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+l move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+ö move right
#bindsym $mod+Shift+semicolon move right

# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
bindsym $mod+Shift+Left move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+Down move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+Up move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+Right move right

# split in horizontal orientation
bindsym $mod+h split h

# split in vertical orientation
bindsym $mod+v split v

# enter fullscreen mode for the focused container
bindsym $mod+f fullscreen

# change container layout (stacked, tabbed, toggle split)
bindsym $mod+s layout stacking
bindsym $mod+w layout tabbed
#changed from button e to x, because I need e to start an explorer
bindsym $mod+x layout toggle split

# toggle tiling / floating
bindsym $mod+Shift+space floating toggle

# change focus between tiling / floating windows
bindsym $mod+space focus mode_toggle

# focus the parent container
bindsym $mod+a focus parent

# focus the child container
#bindsym $mod+d focus child

# switch to workspace
bindsym $mod+1 workspace 1:Shell
bindsym $mod+2 workspace 2:Web
bindsym $mod+3 workspace 3
bindsym $mod+4 workspace 4
bindsym $mod+5 workspace 5
bindsym $mod+6 workspace 6
bindsym $mod+7 workspace 7
bindsym $mod+8 workspace 8
bindsym $mod+9 workspace 9
bindsym $mod+0 workspace 10

# move focused container to workspace
bindsym $mod+Shift+1 move container to workspace 1:Shell
bindsym $mod+Shift+2 move container to workspace 2:Web
bindsym $mod+Shift+3 move container to workspace 3
bindsym $mod+Shift+4 move container to workspace 4
bindsym $mod+Shift+5 move container to workspace 5
bindsym $mod+Shift+6 move container to workspace 6
bindsym $mod+Shift+7 move container to workspace 7
bindsym $mod+Shift+8 move container to workspace 8
bindsym $mod+Shift+9 move container to workspace 9
bindsym $mod+Shift+0 move container to workspace 10

# reload the configuration file
bindsym $mod+Shift+c reload
# restart i3 inplace (preserves your layout/session, can be used to upgrade i3)
bindsym $mod+Shift+r restart
# exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)
bindsym $mod+Shift+e exec "i3-nagbar -t warning -m 'Do you really want to exit i3 and end your X session.' -b 'Yes, exit i3' 'i3-msg exit'"

# resize window (you can also use the mouse for that)
mode "resize" {
        # These bindings trigger as soon as you enter the resize mode

        # Pressing left will shrink the window’s width.
        # Pressing right will grow the window’s width.
        # Pressing up will shrink the window’s height.
        # Pressing down will grow the window’s height.
        bindsym j resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym k resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym l resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym semicolon resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt

        # same bindings, but for the arrow keys
        bindsym Left resize shrink width 2 px or 2 ppt
        bindsym Down resize grow height 2 px or 2 ppt
        bindsym Up resize shrink height 2 px or 2 ppt
        bindsym Right resize grow width 2 px or 2 ppt

        # back to normal: Enter or Escape
        bindsym Return mode "default"
        bindsym Escape mode "default"
}

bindsym $mod+r mode "resize"

# Start i3bar to display a workspace bar (plus the system information i3status
# finds out, if available)
bar {
        status_command i3status
}


#Alternatively you can change to your target workspace with i3-msg then have your frequently used programs start automatically with the exec command:

#Names Worksspace 1 to 1:Shell and starts lilyterm terminal emulator
exec --no-startup-id i3-msg 'workspace 1:Shell; exec /usr/bin/lilyterm'
#Names Workspace 2 to 2:Web and starts google-chrome Webbrowser
exec --no-startup-id i3-msg 'workspace 2:Web; exec /usr/bin/google-chrome'


#The key shortcuts are likely called XF86AudioRaiseVolume, XF86AudioLowerVolume, XF86AudioMute. Since only the mute is broken concentrate
#your efforts on changing that out first.

#toggle master mute of the pulsaudio master: amixer set Master toggle
bindsym XF86AudioMute exec "amixer set Master toggle"

#rise master volume of pulseaudio master
bindsym XF86AudioRaiseVolume exec "amixer set Master unmute; amixer -c 0 set Master 1dB+"

#lower master volume of pulseaudio master
bindsym XF86AudioLowerVolume exec "amixer set Master unmute; amixer -c 0 set Master 1dB-"




Thanks for the help guys.

I hope this config file helps someone.




Previous Questions, as I started this topic:

Comments:

I switched over from gnome 2->gnome 3-> mate (its in an overlay, its a gnome 2 fork) -> i3wm.

Its a lean environment wiht a basic status panel in the bottom.
Programs can be started with Windows+d. Mostly anything can be done with the keyboard and everything can be redefined in the config file.

questions:
I want to have a desctop background with the symbols/icons ... Do i only need to start gnome-session? Is there any other alternative without many requirements?


Last edited by tw04l124 on Mon Sep 30, 2013 8:16 pm; edited 1 time in total
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The Doctor
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 18, 2013 7:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You can probably use idesk for desktop icons, although that just seems wrong for a tiling wm, in my opinion. I prefer to bind commonly used applications to keyboard shortcuts.

I use feh for a background, although nitrogen will work as well. I start it by adding the following to my config:

Code:
 exec --no-startup-id feh --bg-scale </path/to/image>

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tw04l124
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 18, 2013 8:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thank you, I agree on your opinon. Well my first days with that i3 stuff and I really like it.

Its small and works.

Any recommendations for a file manager, caja is like nautilus or nemo, but it starts the hole "gnome 2" processes in the background. I really like caja but those started background gnome stuff annoys me a bit.
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The Doctor
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PostPosted: Wed Sep 18, 2013 8:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I use thunar since it is free of either kde and gnome as well as being (potentially) *kitless.
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tw04l124
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PostPosted: Fri Sep 20, 2013 8:39 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I try lilyterm instead of terminator because its very small and featureful.

For the file manager, thunar does not show me any icons for folders, or file. I just want to see a folder icon, file icons, and maybe file type icons for pdf, libreoffice and so on, any ideas?

What really bugs me now, how do i get like in gnome a menu when i hit the buttons for volume up/down/mute?
Yes I know I have to write some exec line into .i3/config. But how do I see which keycode is needed and how to write it into the file. how do i get a visual feedback to see a volume bar when changing.

2nd I forgot to plug in the ac soure and so my notebook went dead. Is there an easy solution to get a warning when a threshold of my battery is met? There must be an easy way to achieve that without using e.g. gnome-panel with gnome-power-manager ...

I will try on this weekend to poke around and look for a solution, which is small and beautiful.
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tw04l124
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PostPosted: Thu Oct 17, 2013 10:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

If you want handy screenshots which are placed in Screenshots folder in your home directory add this to your i3/config file:

Code:
bindsym $mod+F12 exec "scrot '%d.%m.%Y_%H.%M_screenshot.png' -e 'mv $f ~/Screenshots/'


Thats another approach, but it works different:
Code:
bindsym $mod+F12 exec "xwd -root -display :0.0|convert xwd:- screenshot.png"
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