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Grub2 not passing in root parameter causes kernel panic ?
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lcx
n00b
n00b


Joined: 23 Sep 2013
Posts: 40

PostPosted: Sun Sep 29, 2013 12:07 pm    Post subject: Grub2 not passing in root parameter causes kernel panic ? Reply with quote

Hi, I am installing gentoo on my new laptop.

It uses GPT disk and is loaded by UEFI+grub2.

I've follow this Wiki :https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/UEFI_Dual_boot_with_Windows_7/8
and configured the grub to recognize both the Win8 and Gentoo.

During Gentoo booting, the kernel panics :

Code:

FS: cannot open root device "(null)" or unknown-block(0,0): error -6
Please use boot option "root=" .....


It seems the kernel gets a null value of the root parameter.

I've made sure that

- I built in the high level and low level driver for my SATA disk.
- I built in the needed filesystem support.
- I built in the GPT and EFI support.

I wonder if the problem is caused by grub2 not correctly passing in the root parameter?
But after checking the grub.cfg, I found it does pass in !

Code:

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
menuentry 'Gentoo GNU/Linux' --class gentoo --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-24288967-ec06-47f9-a114-eb7cf269370f' {
   load_video
   insmod gzio
   insmod part_gpt
   insmod ext2
   set root='hd0,gpt7'
   if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
     search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt7 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt7 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt7  c0bd50bf-1be2-446e-bc74-c5ffca3eaaf6
   else
     search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root c0bd50bf-1be2-446e-bc74-c5ffca3eaaf6
   fi
   echo   'Loading Linux 3.10.7-gentoo ...'
   linux   /kernel-3.10.7-gentoo root=/dev/sda8 ro 
}




FYI, below is some info may help.


1. the .config portion:

Code:

#
# SCSI device support
#
CONFIG_SCSI_MOD=y
# CONFIG_RAID_ATTRS is not set
CONFIG_SCSI=y
CONFIG_SCSI_DMA=y
# CONFIG_SCSI_TGT is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_NETLINK is not set
CONFIG_SCSI_PROC_FS=y

#
# SCSI support type (disk, tape, CD-ROM)
#
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_SD=y
# CONFIG_CHR_DEV_ST is not set
# CONFIG_CHR_DEV_OSST is not set
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_SR=y
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_SR_VENDOR=y
CONFIG_CHR_DEV_SG=y
# CONFIG_CHR_DEV_SCH is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_MULTI_LUN is not set
CONFIG_SCSI_CONSTANTS=y
# CONFIG_SCSI_LOGGING is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_SCAN_ASYNC is not set

#
# SCSI Transports
#
CONFIG_SCSI_SPI_ATTRS=y
# CONFIG_SCSI_FC_ATTRS is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_ISCSI_ATTRS is not set
CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_ATTRS=y
CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_LIBSAS=y
# CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_ATA is not set
CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_HOST_SMP=y
# CONFIG_SCSI_SRP_ATTRS is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_LOWLEVEL is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_LOWLEVEL_PCMCIA is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_DH is not set
# CONFIG_SCSI_OSD_INITIATOR is not set
CONFIG_ATA=y
# CONFIG_ATA_NONSTANDARD is not set
CONFIG_ATA_VERBOSE_ERROR=y
CONFIG_ATA_ACPI=y
# CONFIG_SATA_ZPODD is not set
CONFIG_SATA_PMP=y

#
# Controllers with non-SFF native interface
#
CONFIG_SATA_AHCI=y
CONFIG_SATA_AHCI_PLATFORM=y
# CONFIG_SATA_INIC162X is not set
CONFIG_SATA_ACARD_AHCI=y
# CONFIG_SATA_SIL24 is not set
CONFIG_ATA_SFF=y

#
# SFF controllers with custom DMA interface
#
# CONFIG_PDC_ADMA is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_QSTOR is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_SX4 is not set
CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA=y

#
# SATA SFF controllers with BMDMA
#
CONFIG_ATA_PIIX=y
# CONFIG_SATA_HIGHBANK is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_MV is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_NV is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_PROMISE is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_SIL is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_SIS is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_SVW is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_ULI is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_VIA is not set
# CONFIG_SATA_VITESSE is not set

#
# PATA SFF controllers with BMDMA
#
# CONFIG_PATA_ALI is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_AMD is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_ARASAN_CF is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_ARTOP is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_ATIIXP is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_ATP867X is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_CMD64X is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_CS5520 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_CS5530 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_CS5536 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_CYPRESS is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_EFAR is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_HPT366 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_HPT37X is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_HPT3X2N is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_HPT3X3 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_IT8213 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_IT821X is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_JMICRON is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_MARVELL is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_NETCELL is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_NINJA32 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_NS87415 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_OLDPIIX is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_OPTIDMA is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_PDC2027X is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_PDC_OLD is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_RADISYS is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_RDC is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_SC1200 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_SCH is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_SERVERWORKS is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_SIL680 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_SIS is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_TOSHIBA is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_TRIFLEX is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_VIA is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_WINBOND is not set

#
# PIO-only SFF controllers
#
# CONFIG_PATA_CMD640_PCI is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_MPIIX is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_NS87410 is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_OPTI is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_PCMCIA is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_RZ1000 is not set

#
# Generic fallback / legacy drivers
#
# CONFIG_PATA_ACPI is not set
# CONFIG_ATA_GENERIC is not set
# CONFIG_PATA_LEGACY is not set
CONFIG_MD=y
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_MD=y
CONFIG_MD_AUTODETECT=y
# CONFIG_MD_LINEAR is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID0 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID1 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID10 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID456 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_MULTIPATH is not set
# CONFIG_MD_FAULTY is not set
# CONFIG_BCACHE is not set
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM=y
# CONFIG_DM_DEBUG is not set
# CONFIG_DM_CRYPT is not set
# CONFIG_DM_SNAPSHOT is not set
# CONFIG_DM_THIN_PROVISIONING is not set
# CONFIG_DM_CACHE is not set
CONFIG_DM_MIRROR=y
# CONFIG_DM_RAID is not set
# CONFIG_DM_LOG_USERSPACE is not set
CONFIG_DM_ZERO=y
# CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH is not set
# CONFIG_DM_DELAY is not set
# CONFIG_DM_UEVENT is not set
# CONFIG_DM_FLAKEY is not set
# CONFIG_DM_VERITY is not set
# CONFIG_TARGET_CORE is not set
# CONFIG_FUSION is not set
# CONFIG_NOZOMI is not set
# CONFIG_ISI is not set
# CONFIG_N_HDLC is not set
# CONFIG_N_GSM is not set
# CONFIG_TRACE_SINK is not set

#
# File systems
#
CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS=y
CONFIG_EXT2_FS=y
CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XATTR=y
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS_POSIX_ACL is not set
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS_SECURITY is not set
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XIP is not set
CONFIG_EXT3_FS=y
CONFIG_EXT3_DEFAULTS_TO_ORDERED=y
CONFIG_EXT3_FS_XATTR=y
# CONFIG_EXT3_FS_POSIX_ACL is not set
# CONFIG_EXT3_FS_SECURITY is not set
CONFIG_EXT4_FS=y
CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL=y
CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY=y
# CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG is not set
CONFIG_JBD=y
# CONFIG_JBD_DEBUG is not set
CONFIG_JBD2=y
# CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is not set
CONFIG_FS_MBCACHE=y
# CONFIG_REISERFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_XFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_GFS2_FS is not set
# CONFIG_OCFS2_FS is not set
# CONFIG_BTRFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_NILFS2_FS is not set
CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL=y
CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING=y
CONFIG_FSNOTIFY=y
CONFIG_DNOTIFY=y
CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER=y
# CONFIG_FANOTIFY is not set
CONFIG_QUOTA=y
CONFIG_QUOTA_NETLINK_INTERFACE=y
# CONFIG_PRINT_QUOTA_WARNING is not set
# CONFIG_QUOTA_DEBUG is not set
CONFIG_QUOTA_TREE=y
# CONFIG_QFMT_V1 is not set
CONFIG_QFMT_V2=y
CONFIG_QUOTACTL=y
CONFIG_QUOTACTL_COMPAT=y
CONFIG_AUTOFS4_FS=y
# CONFIG_FUSE_FS is not set
CONFIG_GENERIC_ACL=y


2. the lspci portion(from the BootCD)
Code:
00:1f.2 SATA controller: Intel Corporation 8 Series/C220 Series Chipset Family 6-port SATA Controller 1 [AHCI mode] (rev 04)
   Subsystem: Lenovo Device 3978
   Kernel driver in use: ahci


3. the /etc/fstab file
Code:


/dev/sda7           /boot              ext2          defaults,noatime       1 2   # where the kernel image resides in
/dev/sda2           /boot/efi         vfat            defaults                    0 2   # the grub2 directory resides in /boot/efi/grub2
/dev/sda8            /                     ext4          noatime                    0 1
/dev/sda9            none              swap         sw                            0 0
/dev/sda10          /home            ext4          defaults,noatime      0 0
/dev/cdrom          /mnt/cdrom     auto         noauto,ro                 0 0
/dev/fd0              /mnt/floppy      auto         noauto                     0 0




Thanks a lot.
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NeddySeagoon
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Joined: 05 Jul 2003
Posts: 32006
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PostPosted: Sun Sep 29, 2013 12:31 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

lcx,

You have a perfectly good thread on this topic. There is no reason to start a new one yet.
_________________
Regards,

NeddySeagoon

Computer users fall into two groups:-
those that do backups
those that have never had a hard drive fail.
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NeddySeagoon
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Joined: 05 Jul 2003
Posts: 32006
Location: 56N 3W

PostPosted: Sun Sep 29, 2013 12:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Moved from Installing Gentoo to Duplicate Threads.

In favour of http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-970830-highlight-.html
_________________
Regards,

NeddySeagoon

Computer users fall into two groups:-
those that do backups
those that have never had a hard drive fail.
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