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以下问题该怎么办?我不想安装systemd.
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mathabstrction
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Joined: 12 Aug 2012
Posts: 71

PostPosted: Sun Sep 29, 2013 9:39 am    Post subject: 以下问题该怎么办?我不想安装systemd. Reply with quote

GENTOO wu # emerge --update --newuse --deep world
"/etc/make.conf", line 3: $: bad substitution
!!! Found 2 make.conf files, using both '/etc/make.conf' and '/etc/portage/make.conf'
"/etc/make.conf", line 3: $: bad substitution

* IMPORTANT: 6 news items need reading for repository 'gentoo'.
* Use eselect news to read news items.

Calculating dependencies... done!
[ebuild N ] media-libs/webrtc-audio-processing-0.1 USE="-static-libs"
[ebuild N ] dev-libs/libatomic_ops-7.2d
[ebuild N ] net-libs/libasyncns-0.8-r2 USE="-debug -doc"
[ebuild N ] dev-libs/json-c-0.9-r1 USE="-static-libs"
[ebuild N ] dev-libs/DirectFB-1.4.9-r1 USE="mmx sse zlib -X -debug -doc -fbcon -gif -jpeg -png -sdl -static-libs -truetype -v4l" INPUT_DEVICES="evdev keyboard mouse -dynapro -elo2300 -joystick -lirc -mutouch -tslib" VIDEO_CARDS="intel -mach64 -mga -neomagic (-nsc) -nvidia -r128 -radeon -s3 -savage -sis -tdfx -via -vmware"
[ebuild N ] gnome-extra/gnome-audio-2.22.2 USE="-debug"
[ebuild N ] media-video/xanim-2.80.1-r4
[ebuild NS ] app-text/docbook-xml-dtd-4.2-r2 [4.1.2-r6, 4.4-r2]
[ebuild NS ] app-text/docbook-xml-dtd-4.5-r1 [4.1.2-r6, 4.4-r2]
[ebuild N ] x11-libs/libvdpau-0.5 USE="dri -doc"
[ebuild N ] sys-libs/libcap-2.22 USE="pam"
[ebuild N ] media-libs/libcaca-0.99_beta17 USE="cxx ncurses -X -doc -imlib -java -mono -opengl -ruby -slang -static-libs -truetype"
[ebuild N ] media-libs/audiofile-0.3.5 USE="-static-libs {-test}"
[ebuild N ] media-libs/libsdl-1.2.15-r4 USE="audio joystick video -X -aalib -alsa -custom-cflags -dga -directfb -fbcon -ggi -libcaca -nas -opengl -oss (-ps3) -pulseaudio -static-libs (-svga) -tslib -xinerama -xv"
[ebuild N ] sys-apps/systemd-204-r1 USE="acl firmware-loader kmod pam tcpd -audit -cryptsetup -doc -gcrypt -gudev -http -introspection -keymap -lzma -openrc -policykit -python -qrcode (-selinux) -static-libs {-test} -vanilla -xattr" PYTHON_SINGLE_TARGET="python2_7" PYTHON_TARGETS="python2_7"
[ebuild N ] sys-apps/gentoo-systemd-integration-1
[ebuild R ] virtual/udev-200 USE="hwdb*"
[ebuild N ] media-sound/pulseaudio-2.1-r1 USE="X alsa asyncns caps dbus gdbm glib ipv6 orc ssl tcpd udev webrtc-aec -avahi -bluetooth -doc -equalizer -gnome -gtk -jack -libsamplerate -lirc (-oss) -realtime (-system-wide) -systemd {-test} -xen"
[ebuild R ] media-plugins/alsa-plugins-1.0.27 USE="pulseaudio*"
[ebuild R ] media-video/mplayer2-2.0_p20130126 USE="directfb* doc* gif* jpeg* libcaca* oss* pulseaudio* pvr* radio* sdl* v4l* vdpau* xanim* xinerama* xvid*"
[blocks B ] sys-fs/udev ("sys-fs/udev" is blocking sys-apps/systemd-204-r1)
[blocks B ] sys-apps/systemd ("sys-apps/systemd"
* Error: The above package list contains packages which cannot be
* installed at the same time on the same system.

(sys-fs/udev-204::gentoo, installed) pulled in by
sys-fs/udev required by @selected

(sys-apps/systemd-204-r1::gentoo, ebuild scheduled for merge) pulled in by
>=sys-apps/systemd-200[gudev?,introspection?,keymap(+)?,kmod?,selinux?,static-libs(-)?] (>=sys-apps/systemd-200[kmod]) required by (virtual/udev-200::gentoo, ebuild scheduled for merge)
>=sys-apps/systemd-204-r1 required by (sys-apps/gentoo-systemd-integration-1::gentoo, ebuild scheduled for merge)
<sys-apps/systemd-205 required by (sys-apps/gentoo-systemd-integration-1::gentoo, ebuild scheduled for merge)


For more information about Blocked Packages, please refer to the following
section of the Gentoo Linux x86 Handbook (architecture is irrelevant):

http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?full=1#blocked


The following USE changes are necessary to proceed:
(see "package.use" in the portage(5) man page for more details)
# required by media-sound/pulseaudio-2.1-r1[udev]
# required by media-video/mplayer2-2.0_p20130126[pulseaudio]
# required by media-video/smplayer-0.8.5
# required by @selected
# required by @world (argument)
=virtual/udev-200 hwdb

Use --autounmask-write to write changes to config files (honoring
CONFIG_PROTECT). Carefully examine the list of proposed changes,
paying special attention to mask or keyword changes that may expose
experimental or unstable packages.
is blocking sys-fs/udev-204)
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Saigut
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Joined: 15 Mar 2013
Posts: 17

PostPosted: Sun Oct 20, 2013 4:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

显示的是你的udev和systemd冲突。按照gentoo安装手册默认是装上openrc而不是systemd的,我不知道你是如何装上systemd的。如果你想不用systemd而用openrc的话,你可以先把make.conf里USE中的systemd去掉(如果有的话),然后卸载systemd再安装openrc。另外我看到一开始那里提示你make.conf有问题,可能是你新旧位置的make.conf内容不一致导致的。你可以选择一个make.conf把另一个位置的make.conf覆盖掉,也可以仅在新位置即/etc/portage/make.conf保留make.conf
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