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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Wed Oct 19, 2005 3:29 am    Post subject: 中文手册乱码 Reply with quote

中文man手册乱码
如之奈何?
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gentoo.cn
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PostPosted: Thu Oct 20, 2005 2:31 am    Post subject: Re: 中文手册乱码 Reply with quote

bigmonk wrote:
中文man手册乱码
如之奈何?


你的locale设的是什么?
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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Thu Oct 20, 2005 3:12 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
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akar
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PostPosted: Thu Oct 20, 2005 2:52 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

  用Gnome的 終端機的設定字元編碼可以立即修正這個問題嗎?
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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Mon Oct 31, 2005 3:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

解决不了,平常是能正常显示汉字的。
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ts
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PostPosted: Sun Nov 06, 2005 6:45 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

bigmonk wrote:
解决不了,平常是能正常显示汉字的。


不是所有的手册都有中文的,还是选择英文吧。

运行下面的命令:
Code:

echo "
export LC_ALL=""
export LANG=zh_CN.utf8
export LC_CTYPE="zh_CN.utf8"
export LC_NUMERIC="en_US.utf8"
export LC_TIME="en_US.utf8"
export LC_COLLATE="en_US.utf8"
export LC_MONETARY="en_US.utf8"
export LC_MESSAGES="en_US.utf8"
export LC_PAPER="en_US.utf8"
export LC_NAME="en_US.utf8"
export LC_ADDRESS="en_US.utf8"
export LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.utf8"
export LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.utf8"
export LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.utf8"
" >> ~/.bashrc


这应该能暂时解决你的问题。Good luck!
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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Fri Nov 11, 2005 2:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

英文手册本来就没有问题,我现在命令行下是英文的locale,x-window下是中文的,打开gnome-terminal时用man 就会是乱码。这个是应该能解决的。只是没有找到方法而已。
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akar
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PostPosted: Fri Nov 11, 2005 4:37 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://pobox.com/~hp/terminal-encoding.png
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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 10:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

我不是不会改terminal的locale,我是问在zh_CN.utf_8下如何显示中文man,可能我没说清楚。
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akar
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PostPosted: Fri Nov 25, 2005 12:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

  是這樣,嗬。

  那麻煩你告訴大家一聲是哪個程式,及其版本的man有中文亂碼問題。我來試一下,如果我也搞不懂的話,那我就再把這個問題向其它人問一下。


  希望可以盡快解決。 :)
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zephyrrr
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 29, 2005 1:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

不知道你用的是哪里的中文man,如果是CMPP(Chinese Man Pages Project)的,应该有两个内码版本,GB2312和UTF8的,要和你的locale设置一致
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 07, 2005 12:49 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

我的useradd系列命令的man和info都是乱码。
$locale
LANG=en_US.utf8
LC_CTYPE=zh_CN.UTF-8
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.utf8"
LC_TIME="en_US.utf8"
LC_COLLATE="en_US.utf8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.utf8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.utf8"
LC_PAPER="en_US.utf8"
LC_NAME="en_US.utf8"
LC_ADDRESS="en_US.utf8"
LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.utf8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.utf8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.utf8"
LC_ALL=
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bigmonk
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 09, 2005 3:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

应该与下面这个包有关
app-i18n/man-pages-zh_CN
Available versions: 1.5
Installed: 1.5
Homepage: http://cmpp.linuxforum.net/
Description: A somewhat comprehensive collection of Chinese Linux man pages
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Twig
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 09, 2005 7:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

bigmonk wrote:
应该与下面这个包有关
app-i18n/man-pages-zh_CN
Available versions: 1.5
Installed: 1.5
Homepage: http://cmpp.linuxforum.net/
Description: A somewhat comprehensive collection of Chinese Linux man pages


是这个包的问题。
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akar
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 16, 2005 4:08 am    Post subject: [教程]解決 中文man 亂碼 的問題 Reply with quote

出了問題的包
  首先介紹一下 app-i18n/man-pages-zh_CN-1.5這個包,這是man的中文翻譯版本,出自 中文man page计划,想出一分力的朋友記得去報名參加。
  好,大概了解了包的來龍,再看包內的說明文檔README,了解它的去脈。接著自己安裝出現問題的包來看看:
Code:
#emerge man-pages-zh_CN


  安裝好後,發現如果locale不是對的話,就找不到man:
Code:
# man cat

# man cat wrote:

Cannot open the message catalog "man" for locale "zh_TW.UTF-8"
(NLSPATH="<none>")

No manual entry for cat


  把/usr/share/man/zh_CN.UTF-8 弄一個符號連結名為/usr/share/man/zh_TW.UTF-8
Code:

# cd /usr/share/man
# ln -s zh_CN.UTF-8 zh_TW.UTF-8


  測試一下,(亂碼。。。, 而且不是普通的亂):
Code:
# man cat


找出錯處

  好,利用man指令內建的除錯參數看一下:
Code:
 $ man -d cat

以下是man的內部指令串,把man標簽書寫的文本轉成平常我們看見的man文件的樣子 wrote:

cd /usr/share/man/zh_TW.UTF-8 && (echo ".ll 10.4i"; echo ".nr LL 10.4i"; echo ".pl 1100i"; /bin/cat '/usr/share/man/zh_TW.UTF-8/man1/cat.1'; echo ".\\\""; echo ".pl \n(nlu+10") | /usr/bin/gtbl | /usr/bin/nroff -c -mandoc | /usr/bin/less

  (看見了嗎? 小工具集合起來的威力!,這就是Unix系列系統的特色。)

  一直查下去,看看在哪一站亂碼了。最後找到,問題出在groff/nroff(runoff 印出文本)這個文件格式轉換程式:
  nroff 有 -Tutf8 的參數,但形同虚設。 不知道是不是還在用 這個補釘(為什麼外國人的所謂utf-8支援和我們的不一樣?!)

解決方法

  groff的真正utf-8版本:

  在這個 俄文網頁找到說明,在這 下載 groff-utf8.tar.gz 。 建議用以下指令完成下載及安裝:
Code:

$ wget http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/groff/2005-07/bineYgga7Cm9p.bin -O groff-utf8.tar.gz
$ tar zxf groff-utf8.tar.gz
$ cd groff-utf8
$ sudo make install PREFIX=/usr/local

  再修改/etc/man.conf 的兩個配置,來使用新安裝的版本:
# cat /etc/man.conf wrote:

TROFF /usr/local/bin/groff-utf8 -Tutf8 -mandoc
NROFF /usr/local/bin/groff-utf8 -Tutf8 -mandoc



參考資源

http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/utf-8.xml
http://docs.linux.org.ua/dlou/index.php/UTF-8
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PostPosted: Mon Feb 13, 2006 12:41 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

楼上的方法果然好用,谢谢~
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shawn_liu
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PostPosted: Sat Mar 17, 2012 3:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

上面那个groff-utf8的链接已经失效了,gentoo-china-overlay上面有一个

http://code.google.com/p/gentoo-china-overlay/source/browse/trunk/metadata/cache/app-text/groff-utf8-0
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jtshs256
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PostPosted: Sun Mar 18, 2012 4:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

emerge -C man && emerge -1 man-db
不就解決了…
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